Skip to main content

Table 3 Mean LDL-c and prevalence of elevated LDL-c according to personal and clinical attributes

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

  Mean (± SD)   Elevated LDL-c
  p value No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value
Age groups (years)
30–39
40–49
50–59
 ≥ 60
3.45 (± 1.01)
3.61 (± 1.03)
3.79 (± 1.14)
3.69 (± 1.12)
 < 0.001** 570 (50.3)
1368 (44.8)
1242 (39.4)
1169 (43.3)
564 (49.7)
1689 (55.3)
1910 (60.6)
1529 (56.7)
 < 0.001**
Gender
Male
Female
3.69 (± 1.10)
3.66 (± 1.09)
0.245 1817 (42.1)
2532 (44.2)
2497 (57.9)
3195 (55.8)
0.036*
Ethnicity
Malay
Chinese
Indian
Indigenous
3.84 (± 1.07)
3.42 (± 0.98)
3.55 (± 1.00)
3.02 (± 1.01)
 < 0.001** 2696 (36.9)
521 (51.6)
125 (46.0)
1007 (69.5)
4616 (63.1)
488 (48.4)
147 (54.0)
441 (30.5)
 < 0.001**
Education attainment
No formal education
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
3.49 (± 1.15)
3.72 (± 1.12)
3.72 (± 1.07)
3.70 (± 1.00)
 < 0.001** 753 (51.8)
1053 (42.3)
1428 (41.1)
696 (40.8)
700 (48.2)
1434 (57.7)
2050 (58.9)
1010 (59.2)
 < 0.001**
Location
Urban
Rural
3.77 (± 1.04)
3.57 (± 1.13)
 < 0.001** 1954 (38.9)
2395 (47.8)
3076 (61.2)
2616 (52.2)
 < 0.001**
Smoking status
Non-smoker
Previous smoker
Current smoker
3.67 (± 1.08)
3.71 (± 1.13)
3.70 (± 1.09)
0.456 3131 (43.6)
448 (42.8)
502 (41.0)
4052 (56.4)
599 (57.2)
722 (59.0)
0.235
Diabetes mellitus
No
Yes
3.67 (± 1.09)
3.69 (± 1.13)
0.479 3704 (43.5)
645 (42.1)
4804 (56.5)
888 (57.9)
0.288
Hypertension
No
Yes
3.62 (± 1.05)
3.74 (± 1.14)
 < 0.001** 2455 (45.6)
1894 (40.7)
2934 (54.4)
2758 (59.3)
 < 0.001**
Body mass index
Underweight
Normal
Overweight
Obese
3.20 (± 0.96)
3.45 (± 1.06)
3.76 (± 1.11)
3.80 (± 1.06)
 < 0.001** 244 (65.8)
1198 (52.4)
1468 (40.0)
1201 (37.4)
127 (34.2)
1089 (47.6)
2202 (60.0)
2008 (62.6)
 < 0.001**
Waist-hip ratio
Normal
Abdominal obesity
3.59 (± 1.04)
3.76 (± 1.13)
 < 0.001** 2061 (46.6)
1814 (39.9)
2364 (53.4)
2737 (60.1)
 < 0.001**
  1. *significant at p < 0.05; **significant at p < 0.001