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Table 2 Mean TC and prevalence of elevated TC according to personal and clinical attributes

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

  Mean (± SD)   Elevated TC
  p value No
n (%)
Yes
n (%)
p value
Age groups (years)
30–39
40–49
50–59
 ≥ 60
5.39 (± 1.15)
5.61 (± 1.14)
5.85 (± 1.28)
5.76 (± 1.29)
 < 0.001** 516 (45.5)
1177 (38.5)
979 (31.0)
948 (35.1)
619 (54.5)
1880 (61.5)
2177 (69.0)
1751 (64.9)
 < 0.001**
Gender
Male
Female
5.68 (± 1.24)
5.72 (± 1.23)
0.129 1564 (36.2)
2056 (35.9)
2753 (63.8)
3674 (64.1)
0.719
Ethnicity
Malay
Chinese
Indian
Indigenous
5.89 (± 1.21)
5.54 (± 1.10)
5.51 (± 1.12)
4.90 (± 1.15)
 < 0.001** 2178 (29.8)
406 (40.1)
110 (40.4)
926 (64.0)
5136 (70.2)
607 (59.9)
162 (59.6)
522 (36.1)
 < 0.001**
Education attainment
No formal education
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
5.51 (± 1.34)
5.77 (± 1.26)
5.75 (± 1.19)
5.72 (± 1.11)
 < 0.001** 640 (44.0)
860 (34.6)
1181 (33.9)
581 (34.1)
814 (56.0)
1627 (65.4)
2302 (66.1)
1125 (65.9)
 < 0.001**
Location
Urban
Rural
5.81 (± 1.16)
5.59 (± 1.30)
 < 0.001** 1597 (31.7)
2023 (40.4)
3437 (68.3)
2990 (59.6)
 < 0.001**
Smoking status
Non-smoker
Previous smoker
Current smoker
5.71 (± 1.21)
5.69 (± 1.27)
5.71 (± 1.27)
0.830 2577 (35.9)
366 (35.0)
441 (36.0)
4611 (64.2)
681 (65.0)
784 (64.0)
0.839
Diabetes mellitus
No
Yes
5.67 (± 1.22)
5.86 (± 1.31)
 < 0.001** 3127 (36.7)
493 (32.1)
5386 (63.3)
1041 (67.9)
0.001*
Hypertension
No
Yes
5.60 (± 1.20)
5.82 (± 1.27)
 < 0.001** 2101 (39.0)
1519 (32.6)
3290 (61.0)
3137 (67.4)
 < 0.001**
Body mass index
Underweight
Normal
Overweight
Obese
5.20 (± 1.12)
5.47 (± 1.21)
5.79 (± 1.23)
5.87 (± 1.20)
 < 0.001** 202 (54.5)
1005 (43.9)
1221 (33.3)
962 (30.0)
169 (45.6)
1283 (56.1)
2451 (66.8)
2250 (70.1)
 < 0.001**
Waist-hip ratio
Normal
Abdominal obesity
5.60 (± 1.16)
5.83 (± 1.27)
 < 0.001** 1818 (39.0)
1660 (32.9)
2847 (61.0)
3379 (67.1)
 < 0.001**
  1. *significant at p < 0.05; **significant at p < 0.001