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Table 1 Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics (N = 10,482)

From: High prevalence of dyslipidaemia subtypes and their associated personal and clinical attributes in Malaysian adults: the REDISCOVER study

Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics
Age (years) (± SD) 52.7 (± 11.1)
Age groups (years) (n,%)
30–39 1207 (11.5)
40–49 3196 (30.5)
50–59 3277 (31.3)
 ≥ 60 2802 (26.7)
Gender (n,%)
Male 4538 (43.3)
Female 5944 (56.7)
Ethnicity (n,%)
Malay 7642 (72.9)
Chinese 1049 (10.0)
Indian 276 (2.6)
Indigenous 1515 (14.5)
Education attainment (ni,%)
No formal education 1499 (15.8)
Primary school 2589 (27.3)
Secondary school 3628 (38.3)
Tertiary 1762 (18.6)
Location (n,%)
Urban 5262 (50.2)
Rural 5220 (49.8)
Smoking status (nii,%)
Non-smoker 7431 (75.7)
Ex-smoker 1080 (11.0)
Current smoker 1307 (13.3)
Diabetes mellitus (n,%)
No 8902 (84.9)
Yes 1580 (15.1)
Hypertension (n,%)
No 5663 (54.0)
Yes 4819 (46.0)
Self-reported cardiovascular disease (n,%)
No 10,039 (95.8)
Yes 443 (4.2)
Body mass index (kg/m2) (niv,%)
Underweight (< 18.5) 385 (3.9)
Normal (< 22.9) 2377 (24.0)
Overweight (23–27.4) 3814 (38.5)
Obese (> 27.4) 3326 (33.6)
Waist-hip ratio (nV,%)
Normal 4303 (43.7)
Abdominal obesity (Male ≥ 0.90; female ≥ 0.85) 5539 (56.3)
  1. ni,ii,iii,iv,v are not equal to 10,482 due to missing values
  2. Missing values: i 1004, ii 664, iii 689, iv 580, v 640