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Table 1 Country Characteristics

From: Associations between essential medicines and health outcomes for cardiovascular disease

Country ISO code Geographic region Income group Ischemic heart disease medicine coverage score Cerebrovascular disease medicine coverage score Hypertensive hear disease medicine coverage score Health expenditure for 2015 (per capita in PPP intl$) Population for 2016 (in thousands) Life expectancy for 2016 (in years) Year of NEML publication
Afghanistan AFG Eastern Mediterranean Low 22 15 14 183.9 34,656 62.7 2014
Albania ALB Europe Upper middle 34 30 26 773.7 2926 76.4 2011
Algeria DZA Africa Upper middle 47 44 36 1031.2 40,606 76.4 2016
Angola AGO Africa Lower middle 5 3 2 195.5 28,813 62.6 2007
Antigua and Barbuda ATG The Americas High 28 21 17 1105.1 101 75 2008
Argentina ARG The Americas High 35 27 21 1389.8 43,847 76.9 2011
Armenia ARM Europe Upper middle 24 17 13 883.2 2925 74.8 2010
Bahrain (Kingdom of) BHR Eastern Mediterranean High 37 31 26 2453.2 1425 79.1 2015
Bangladesh BGD South-East Asia Lower middle 19 12 10 88 162,952 72.7 2008
Barbados BRB The Americas High 57 51 42 1233.6 285 75.6 2011
Belarus BLR Europe Upper middle 33 28 21 1084.6 9480 74.2 2012
Belize BLZ The Americas Upper middle 30 23 20 523.7 367 70.5 2008
Bhutan BTN South-East Asia Lower middle 30 23 18 287.1 798 70.6 2016
Bolivia BOL The Americas Lower middle 28 20 16 445.8 10,888 71.5 2011
Bosnia and Herzegovina BIH Europe Upper middle 28 24 19 1101.8 3517 77.3 2009
Botswana BWA Africa Upper middle 28 22 17 970 2250 66.1 2012
Brazil BRA The Americas Upper middle 31 24 18 1391.5 207,653 75.1 2014
Bulgaria BGR Europe Upper middle 55 53 45 1491.9 7131 74.8 2011
Burkina Faso BFA Africa Low 24 17 13 96.1 18,646 60.3 2014
Burundi BDI Africa Low 24 18 13 63.7 10,524 60.1 2012
Cabo (Cape) Verde CPV Africa Lower middle 42 35 28 310.4 540 73.2 2009
Cambodia KHM South-East Asia Lower middle 2 1 0 209.6 15,762 69.4 2003
Cameroon CMR Africa Lower middle 27 20 14 162.8 23,439 58.1 2010
Central African Republic CAF Africa Low 25 19 14 31.9 4595 53 2009
Chad TCD Africa Low 17 12 9 99.8 14,453 54.3 2007
Chile CHL The Americas High 28 21 18 1903.1 17,910 79.5 2005
China CHN Western Pacific Upper middle 30 25 19 762.2 1,411,415 76.4 2012
Colombia COL The Americas Upper middle 30 22 17 852.8 48,653 75.1 2011
Congo COG Africa Lower middle 22 16 13 202.7 5126 64.3 2013
Costa Rica CRI The Americas Upper middle 27 20 15 1286.5 4857 79.6 2014
Côte d’Ivoire CIV Africa Lower middle 39 32 25 189.6 23,696 54.6 2014
Croatia HRV Europe High 48 41 31 1656.4 4213 78.3 2010
Cuba CUB The Americas Upper middle 31 26 20 2478.8 11,476 79 2012
Czech Republic CZE Europe High 65 60 49 2469.9 10,611 79.2 2012
Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea PRK South-East Asia Low 20 13 11   25,369 71.9 2012
Democratic Republic of Congo COD Africa Low 22 16 13 34 78,736 60.5 2010
Djibouti DJI Eastern Mediterranean Lower middle 19 13 10 146.7 942 63.8 2007
Dominica DMA The Americas Upper middle 27 20 16 585.7 74   2007
Dominican Republic DOM The Americas Upper middle 31 24 19 873.1 10,649 73.5 2015
Ecuador ECU The Americas Upper middle 28 19 15 980.2 16,385 76.5 2013
Egypt EGY Eastern Mediterranean Lower middle 27 19 15 495.2 95,689 70.5 2012
El Salvador SLV The Americas Lower middle 32 25 19 578.5 6345 73.7 2009
Eritrea ERI Africa Low 23 16 15 56.2 4955 65 2010
Estonia EST Europe High 48 45 36 1886.8 1312 77.8 2012
Ethiopia ETH Africa Low 50 40 32 65.6 102,403 65.5 2014
Fiji FJI Western Pacific Upper middle 21 15 12 331.4 899 69.9 2015
Gambia GMB Africa Low 15 9 9 114.1 2039 61.9 2001
Georgia GEO Europe Lower middle 21 14 10 717.7 3925 72.6 2007
Ghana GHA Africa Lower middle 26 20 18 249.3 28,207 63.4 2010
Grenada GRD The Americas Upper middle 28 21 17 677.5 107 73.4 2007
Guinea GIN Africa Low 33 26 23 57.2 12,396 59.8 2012
Guyana GUY The Americas Upper middle 25 19 16 336.1 773 66.2 2010
Haiti HTI The Americas Low 24 17 13 120.1 10,847 63.5 2012
Honduras HND The Americas Lower middle 29 23 18 353.4 9113 75.2 2009
India IND South-East Asia Lower middle 30 22 17 237.7 1,324,171 68.8 2015
Indonesia IDN South-East Asia Lower middle 23 16 12 369.3 261,115 69.3 2011
Iran (Islamic Republic of) IRN Eastern Mediterranean Upper middle 47 41 29 1261.7 80,277 75.7 2014
Iraq IRQ Eastern Mediterranean Upper middle 46 40 33 481 37,203 69.8 2010
Jamaica JAM The Americas Upper middle 40 34 26 511.4 2881 76 2012
Jordan JOR Eastern Mediterranean Upper middle 51 46 37 568.1 9456 74.3 2011
Kenya KEN Africa Lower middle 26 21 15 157.2 48,462 66.7 2016
Kiribati KIR Western Pacific Lower middle 22 15 13 151.8 114 66.1 2009
Kyrgyzstan KGZ Europe Lower middle 36 29 21 286.6 5956 71.4 2009
Latvia LVA Europe High 46 43 36 1429.3 1971 75 2012
Lebanon LBN Eastern Mediterranean Upper middle 30 24 18 1117.3 6007 76.3 2014
Lesotho LSO Africa Lower middle 20 13 11 251.1 2204 52.9 2005
Liberia LBR Africa Low 16 11 9 127.8 4614 62.9 2011
Lithuania LTU Europe High 49 46 40 1874.6 2908 75 2012
Madagascar MDG Africa Low 16 10 10 76.7 24,895 66.1 2008
Malawi MWI Africa Low 25 18 16 108.2 18,092 64.2 2015
Malaysia MYS Western Pacific Upper middle 25 18 15 1063.9 31,187 75.3 2014
Maldives MDV South-East Asia Upper middle 43 36 27 1513.9 428 78.4 2011
Mali MLI Africa Low 24 17 12 118.5 17,995 58 2012
Malta MLT Europe High 51 44 38 3470.9 429 81.5 2008
Marshall Islands MHL Western Pacific Upper middle 21 16 13 862.8 53   2007
Mauritania MRT Africa Lower middle 19 13 11 177.1 4301 63.9 2008
Mexico MEX The Americas Upper middle 50 44 31 1008.7 127,540 76.6 2011
Mongolia MNG South-East Asia Lower middle 24 17 14 469.6 3027 69.8 2009
Montenegro MNE Europe Upper middle 41 36 25 957 629 76.8 2011
Morocco MAR Eastern Mediterranean Lower middle 31 24 18 435.3 35,277 76 2012
Mozambique MOZ Africa Low 21 15 12 63.7 28,829 60.1 2016
Myanmar (Burma) MMR South-East Asia Lower middle 30 22 18 267.2 52,885 66.8 2010
Namibia NAM Africa Upper middle 27 20 16 942.5 2480 63.7 2016
Nepal NPL South-East Asia Low 22 15 11 150.6 28,983 70.2 2011
Nicaragua NIC The Americas Lower middle 26 19 16 406 6150 75.5 2011
Nigeria NGA Africa Lower middle 21 15 13 215.2 185,990 55.2 2010
Oman OMN Eastern Mediterranean High 38 32 23 1635.9 4425 77 2009
Pakistan PAK Eastern Mediterranean Lower middle 26 19 14 134.4 193,203 66.5 2016
Papua New Guinea PNG Western Pacific Lower middle 20 13 11 98.6 8085 65.9 2012
Paraguay PRY The Americas Upper middle 28 21 16 724.3 6725 74.2 2009
Peru PER The Americas Upper middle 33 25 18 671 31,774 75.9 2012
Philippines PHL Western Pacific Lower middle 46 39 31 322.8 103,320 69.3 2008
Poland POL Europe High 47 45 34 1704.2 38,224 77.8 2017
Portugal PRT Europe High 71 67 50 2661.4 10,372 81.5 2011
Republic of Moldova MDA Europe Lower middle 37 31 24 515.3 4060 71.5 2011
Romania ROU Europe Upper middle 55 49 41 1090.4 19,778 75.2 2012
Russian Federation RUS Europe Upper middle 36 31 21 1414 143,965 71.9 2014
Rwanda RWA Africa Low 21 14 12 143.2 11,918 68 2010
Saint Lucia LCA The Americas Upper middle 28 21 17 681.4 178 75.6 2007
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VCT The Americas Upper middle 26 18 14 469.5 110 72 2010
Senegal SEN Africa Low 24 17 13 97.1 195 75.1 2013
Serbia SRB Europe Upper middle 50 42 31 1323.7 8820 76.3 2010
Seychelles SYC Africa High 24 18 13 867.3 94 73.3 2010
Slovakia SVK Europe High 73 65 54 2062 5444 77.4 2012
Slovenia SVN Europe High 56 54 41 2733.8 2078 80.9 2017
Solomon Islands SLB Western Pacific Lower middle 23 17 13 173 599 71.1 2017
Somalia SOM Africa Low 8 6 7   14,318 55.4 2006
South Africa ZAF Africa Upper middle 21 14 12 1086.4 56,015 63.6 2014
Sri Lanka LKA South-East Asia Lower middle 22 18 11 353.1 20,798 75.3 2013
Sudan SDN Africa Lower middle 35 28 22 277 39,579 65.1 2014
Suriname SUR The Americas Upper middle 25 18 14 1016.9 558 71.8 2014
Sweden SWE Europe High 31 29 16 5298.6 9838 82.4 2016
Syrian Arab Republic SYR Eastern Mediterranean Low 64 57 46   18,430 63.8 2008
Tajikistan TJK Europe Low 26 19 15 192.7 8735 70.8 2009
Thailand THA South-East Asia Upper middle 34 28 21 610.2 68,864 75.5 2013
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia MKD Europe Upper middle 35 28 17 857.1 2081 75.9 2008
Timor-Leste TLS South-East Asia Lower middle 24 17 13 141.3 1269 68.6 2015
Togo TGO Africa Low 28 21 15 95.6 7606 60.6 2012
Tonga TON Western Pacific Upper middle 23 16 12 323.8 107 73.4 2007
Trinidad & Tobago TTO The Americas High 44 39 32 2204.1 1365 71.8 2010
Tunisia TUN Eastern Mediterranean Lower middle 58 52 43 774.1 11,403 76 2012
Uganda UGA Africa Low 26 19 16 138.5 41,488 62.5 2012
Ukraine UKR Europe Lower middle 20 13 10 469.4 44,439 72.5 2009
United Republic of Tanzania TZA Africa Low 36 28 21 96.5 55,572 63.9 2013
Uruguay URY The Americas High 41 35 28 1747.8 3444 77.1 2011
Vanuatu VUT Western Pacific Lower middle 18 12 9 106.1 270 72 2006
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) VEN The Americas Upper middle 25 19 14 579.4 31,568 74.1 2004
Viet Nam VNM Western Pacific Lower middle 60 53 43 334.3 94,569 76.3 2008
Yemen YEM Eastern Mediterranean Low 21 14 11 144.5 27,584 65.3 2009
Zambia ZMB Africa Lower middle 26 19 17 203 16,591 62.3 2013
Zimbabwe ZWE Africa Low 26 18 14 182.3 16,150 61.4 2011
  1. Geographic region was retrieved from the World Health Organization; Income group was retrieved from the World Bank; Population size, health expenditure and life expectancy were retrieved from the Global Health Observatory; ISO: The International Organization for Standardization- ISO-3166 Alpha-3 country code (Source: https://www.iso.org/iso-3166-country-codes.html)