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Table 2 CVD risk management over 6 months from the percutaneous coronary intervention, n = 491

From: Chinese patients’ clinical and psychosocial outcomes in the 6 months following percutaneous coronary intervention

Measure Post-PCI 1st month 3rd month 6th month pǁ
Blood pressure (mmHg)      
Systolic 128.9 ± 19.1 123.8 ± 14.6 124.2 ± 13.1 124.7 ± 14.9 0.043
% over 140 systolic 70 (14.3%) 34 (6.9%) 24 (4.9%) 31 (6.3%)  
Diastolic 75.3 ± 10.8 73.6 ± 9.1 73.6 ± 8.2 74.3 ± 7.8 0.125
Tobacco use (% current) 202 (41.2%) 134 (27.3%) 129 (26.3%) 0.588§
Harmful use of alcohola      0.157
Each time > 60 ml pure alcohol (beer > 520 ml, wine > 180 ml, Chinese spirits > 45 ml) 33 (6.7%) 8 (1.6%) 12 (2.4%)  
Each time 40 ~ 60 ml pure alcohol (350–520 ml beer, 120–180 ml wine, Chinese spirits 30–45 ml) 11 (2.2%) 4 (0.8%) 1 (0.2%)  
Each time < 40 ml pure alcohol (350 ml beer, 120 ml wine, 30 ml Chinese spirits) and often drinking 18 (3.7%) 8 (1.6%) 11 (2.2%)  
< 40 ml pure alcohol and occasionally drinking 117 (23.8%) 99 (20.2%) 90 (18.3%)  
Never drink alcohol 312 (63.5%) 372 (75.8%) 377 (76.8%)  
Monthly salt consumptiona,b      < 0.001
< 120 g 78 (15.9%) 89 (18.1%) 98 (20.0%)  
120–149 g 135 (27.5%) 214 (43.6%) 256 (52.1%)  
150–179 g 127 (25.9%) 143 (29.1%) 94 (19.1%)  
180–210 g 101 (20.6%) 37 (7.5%) 32 (6.5%)  
> 210 g 50 (10.2%) 8 (1.6%) 10 (2%)  
Fried food intake (weekly)a      < 0.001
Not consumed 316 (64.4%) 382 (77.8%) 389 (79.2%)  
1–4 servings 163 (33.2%) 106 (21.6%) 97 (19.8%)  
5–7 servings 10 (2.0%) 3 (0.6%) 4 (0.8%)  
> 7 servings 2 (0.4%) 0 1 (0.2%)  
Physical activity (minutes moderate to vigorous intensity/week)a      0.040
None 84 (17.1%) 68 (13.8%) 87 (17.7%)  
< 30 99 (20.2%) 89 (18.1%) 70 (14.3%)  
30–60 85 (17.3%) 74 (15.1%) 57 (11.6%)  
60–180c 67 (13.6%) 108 (22.0%) 93 (18.9%)  
> 180 156 (34.2%) 152 (31.0%) 184 (37.5%)  
Exercise type      
None 286 (58.2%) 60 (12.2%) 55 (11.2%) 0.018§
Walk 157 (32.0%) 194 (39.5%) 190 (38.7%)  
Jog 3 (0.6%) 7 (1.4%) 10 (2.0%)  
Tai Chi 1 (0.2%) 4 (0.8%) 4 (0.8%)  
Medication adherence      < 0.001
Never 51 (10.4%) 6 (1.2%) 7 (1.4%)  
Hardly 26 (5.3%) 8 (1.6%) 15 (3.1%)  
Sometimes 33 (6.7%) 25 (5.1%) 30 (6.1%)  
Often 80 (16.3%) 96 (19.6%) 106 (21.6%)  
Always 301 (61.3%) 354 (72.1%) 330 (67.2%)  
CAD self-managementa      
Leisure activity management 13.6 ± 3.2 15.5 ± 2.4 15.7 ± 2.4 < 0.001
Symptom management 9.1 ± 3.5 10.6 ± 3.3 11.0 ± 3.5 < 0.001
Emotional/cognitive management 13.7 ± 2.8 14.1 ± 3.0 14.4 ± 3.0 0.055
First aid 7.5 ± 3.3 9.0 ± 3.1 9.4 ± 3.2 < 0.001
Disease knowledge 13.0 ± 4.2 14.7 ± 3.6 14.7 ± 3.6 < 0.001
Daily life management 14.6 ± 3.0 15.4 ± 2.7 15.5 ± 3.0 0.037
Treatment adherence 6.1 ± 2.1 7.5 ± 1.6 7.3 ± 1.7 < 0.001
CADSMS total 77.5 ± 13.7 86.8 ± 11.5 87.9 ± 11.3 < 0.001
  1. Mean ± standard deviation or n (%) shown
  2. BP = blood pressure, CAD = coronary artery disease
  3. aFrom CADSMS (Coronary Artery Disease Self-Management Scale [14])
  4. bRecommended daily intake 2.0grams, so monthly would be ~ 60 [33]
  5. cRecommended weekly amount = 150 min moderate to vigorous intensity [34]
  6. –Not assessed at this time point
  7. §Chi-square test comparing first to last assessment for categorical variables
  8. ǁAdjusted for percutaneous coronary intervention indication and Barthel index