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Table 3 The association between leisure-time physical activities at visit one and small artery elasticity index at visit two, Vara-Skövde cohort

From: Longitudinal association between leisure-time physical activity and vascular elasticity indices

N = 761
Mean difference Confidence interval (CI) p value
Crude
1.02 ml/mmHg 0.54–1.50 < 0.001
Adjusted for age, sex, heart rate and systolic blood pressure
 0.46 ml/mmHg 0.06–0.86 0.025
Adjusted as above + diabetes mellitus, HOMA-IR, LDL cholesterol and cardiovascular comorbidity
 0.48 ml/mmHg 0.07–0.89 0.021
Adjusted as above + alcohol consumption and smoking
 0.44 ml/mmHg 0.03–0.85 0.037
  1. All patients are included who filled in scales about physical activity with baseline and have data for pulse wave analysis with baseline and follow up. Patients with known hypertension (baseline and follow-up) are excluded
  2. HOMA-IR Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance