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Table 1 Characteristics of the participants for visit 1

From: Longitudinal association between leisure-time physical activity and vascular elasticity indices

  All n = 935 Low LTPA n = 610 High LTPA n = 325 p
Age, years (SD) 46.7 (10) 47.5 (11) 44.4 (10) 0.004*
Gender, male (%) 460 (49) 281 (61) 179 (39) 0.009*
BMI, kg/m2 (SD) 26.4 (4) 26.8 (4) 25.5 (3) < 0.001*
SBP, mmHg (SD) 119 (14) 119 (15) 117 (14) 0.055
DBP, mmHg (SD) 69 (10) 69 (10) 69 (9) 0.993
Pulse, bpm (SD) 63 (8) 64 (8) 62 (8) < 0.001*
Fasting glucose, mmol/l (SD) 5.3 (0.7) 5.3 (0.7) 5.2 (0.6) 0.009*
HOMA-IR median (IQR) 1.16 (0.81–1.78) 1.26 (0.88–1.89) 1.09 (0.7–1.55) < 0.001*
Triglyceride, mmol/l median (IQR) 1.05 (0.77–1.46) 1.08 (0.79–1.55) 1.01 (0.68–1.34) < 0.001*
LDL cholesterol, mmol/l (SD) 3.3 (0.9) 3.3 (0.9) 3.2 (0.9) 0.093
CRP, mg/l median (IQR) 1.3 (0.7–2.4) 1.4 (0.8–2.6) 1 (0.6–1.9) 0.004*
Diagnosis of hypertension n (%) 41 (4.4) 30 (4.9) 11 (3.4) 0.276
Diagnosis of DM n (%) 20 (2.1) 15 (2.5) 5 (1.5) 0.355
Cardiovascular morbidity n (%) 14 (1.5) 11 (1.8) 3 (0.9) 0.293
Current smoker n (%) 151 (16) 106 (17) 45 (14) 0.163
Alcohol n [g/week] median (IQR) 25.6 (9.3–61.5) 24.4 (6.3–59.5) 30.1 (11.5–67.6) 0.805
SAEI mL/mmHg (SD) 8.01 (3.37) 7.65 (3.35) 8.68 (3.32)  < 0.001*
LAEI mL/mmHg (SD) 16.65 (4,95) 16.24 (4.92) 17.41 (4.92) 0.001*
  1. LTPA: Leisure-Time Physical Activity, p: significance between low and high LTPA, BMI: Body Mass Index, SBP: Systolic Blood Pressure, DBP: Diastolic Blood Pressure, HOMA-IR: Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance, LDL: Low-Density Lipoprotein, DM: Diabetes Mellitus, SAEI: Small Arterial Elasticity Index, LAEI: Large Arterial Elasticity Index, IQR: interquartile range