Skip to main content

Table 4 The minimum spatial distances and percentage of the distance < 5 mm from the four pulmonary vein orifices to the bronchi and pulmonary arteries

From: Anatomical correlation between left atrium pulmonary vein ablation targets of atrial fibrillation and adjacent bronchi and pulmonary arteries by MSCT

Pulmonary vein orifices Bronchi Pulmonary arteries
Distance (mm) Distance < 5 mm (%, n) Distance (mm) Distance < 5 mm (%, n)
Left superior 10.82 ± 4.19 7.14% (9/126) 7.59 ± 4.14 26.98% (34/126)
Left inferior 12.87 ± 4.46 0% (0/126) 24.74 ± 5.26 0% (0/126),
Right superior 10.73 ± 7.34 15.9% (20/126) 4.43 ± 2.51 63.49% (80/126)
Right inferior 16.06 ± 4.63 0.79% (1/126) 22.33 ± 4.75 0% (0/126)
P value < .001 < .001 < .001 < .001