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Table 1 Clinical characteristics comparisons between non-CAHD and CAHD patients

From: The correlation between lipoprotein(a) and coronary atherosclerotic lesion is stronger than LDL-C, when LDL-C is less than 104 mg/dL

  Non-CAHD group CAHD group t/χ2 P
N = 678 N = 2771
Age (y) 63.14 ± 11.51 63.92 ± 11.27 1.609 0.120
Male (No.) 451 (66.52%) 1960 (70.73%) 4.597 0.032
Smoking (No.) 231 (34.07%) 923 (33.31%) 0.142 0.706
Overweighta (No.) 187 (27.58%) 743 (26.81%) 0.163 0.686
Diabetes (No.) 367 (54.13%) 1720 (62.07%) 14.377  < 0.001
Hypertension (No.) 382 (56.34%) 1610 (58.10%) 0.691 0.406
Family historyb (No.) 112 (16.52%) 419 (15.12%) 0.818 0.366
TC (mg/dL) 176.27 ± 40.85 175.56 ± 36.31 0.414 0.679
TG (mg/dL) 157.03 ± 81.19 172.20 ± 98.23 4.175  < 0.001
HDL-C (mg/dL) 47.79 ± 8.80 45.08 ± 8.04 7.307  < 0.001
LDL-C (mg/dL) 88.08 ± 33.35 83.94 ± 28.21 2.982 0.003
non-HDL-C (mg/dL) 128.48 ± 38.91 130.48 ± 35.46 1.220 0.223
Lp(a)c (nmol/L) 56.69 ± 62.37 67.88 ± 72.22 4.054  < 0.001
Apo-A1 (mg/dL) 134.04 ± 16.03 128.13 ± 14.97 8.715  < 0.001
Apo-B (mg/dL) 82.44 ± 24.55 84.45 ± 20.81 1.966 0.050
  1. TC, total cholesterol; TG, triglyceride; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; Lp(a), lipoprotein(a); apo(a)1, apolipoprotein(a)1; apoB, apolipoprotein B
  2. aOverweight was defined as body mass index (BMI) > 28 (BMI = weight (kg)/height (m))
  3. bFamily history was defined as one or more parents or grandparents diagnosed with CAHD
  4. cLp(a) was skewed, and differences between groups are judged by Mann–Whitney U