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Table 2 Conventional echocardiography parameters in amyloidosis patients by cardiac involvement and survival status

From: Predictors of cardiac involvement and survival in patients with primary systemic light-chain amyloidosis: roles of the clinical, chemical, and 3-D speckle tracking echocardiography parameters

Parameters All patients (n = 74) With CI (n = 42) Without CI (n = 32) P value Non-survivors (n = 20) Survivors (n = 54) P value
MLVWT (mm) 13.05 ± 3.01 15.17 ± 2.23 10.26 ± 0.75 < 0.001 15.47 ± 2.91 12.15 ± 2.53 < 0.001
LVEDV (ml) 79.27 ± 27.20 81.90 ± 32.25 75.81 ± 18.57 0.343 74.50 ± 21.58 81.04 ± 28.99 0.362
LVESV (ml) 33.48 ± 18.16 35.61 ± 22.77 30.69 ± 8.75 0.251 32.83 ± 11.44 33.72 ± 20.17 0.852
LVEF (%) 58.56 ± 6.02 57.75 ± 6.96 59.62 ± 4.39 0.187 56.23 ± 5.10 59.42 ± 6.15 0.042
LAVI (ml/m2) 31.79 ± 10.52 35.61 ± 11.10 26.79 ± 7.21 < 0.001 34.97 ± 14.54 30.52 ± 8.34 0.208
E/A 1.22 ± 1.44 1.21 ± 0.75 1.25 ± 2.02 0.909 1.29 ± 0.85 1.20 ± 1.60 0.815
e’ (cm/s) 6.11 ± 2.16 5.05 ± 1.69 7.51 ± 1.91 < 0.001 4.58 ± 1.80 6.68 ± 2.00 < 0.001
E/e’ 13.24 ± 7.18 16.57 ± 7.69 8.96 ± 3.15 < 0.001 17.77 ± 8.85 11.31 ± 5.81 < 0.001
  1. MLVWT maximum left ventricular wall thickness, LVEDV left ventricular end-diastolic volume, LVESV left ventricular end-systolic volume, LAVI left atrial volume index, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, E early diastolic mitral flow velocity, A late diastolic mitral flow velocity, e′ early diastolic tissue Doppler velocity at medial mitral annulus