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Table 4 Univariate and multivariate analysis of predictors of mortality for any cause

From: Predictors of mortality and adverse events in patients with infective endocarditis: a retrospective real world study in a surgical centre

  HR 95% CI p
Univariate analysis (n=363)     
Female gender 1.2 1.0 1.4 0.023
Age > 70 years 2.1 1.4 3.2 0.001
Euroscore II > 10 3.1 2.1 4.6 0.001
Chronic renal failure 1.9 1.3 2.9 0.001
Diabetes 1.7 1.1 2.7 0.009
Oral anticoagulant therapy 1.7 1.2 2.7 0.005
Presence of pacemaker 2.2 1.4 3.6 0.001
Ejection fraction < 40% 3.1 1.8 5.4 0.001
TAPSE < 19 2.4 1.5 3.9 0.001
Double valve infection 1.8 1.2 2.9 0.007
Prosthetic infection 1.7 1.1 2.5 0.015
Procalcitonin levels > 0.22 mg/dl 1.9 1.2 3.0 0.003
PCR > 83 mg/dl 1.6 1.0 2.5 0.037
Enterococcal infection 1.6 1.0 2.5 0.022
Streptococcal infection 0.34 0.1 0.6 0.002
Exclusion from surgery if indicated 7.4 3.2 17.3 0.001
Multivariate analysis (n=325)
Age* 1.033 1.01 1.056 0.003
Drug abuse 3.40 1.41 8.13 0.006
EUROSCORE II* 1.017 1.009 1.025 0.0006
Double valve infection 2.07 1.21 3.54 0.008
Streptococcal infection 0.49 0.26 0.92 0.028
  1. *HR per unit