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Table 2 Clinical variables and the risk of carotid plaque

From: Association of serum hemoglobin level with the risk of carotid plaque beyond metabolic abnormalities among asymptomatic adults without major adverse clinical events: a cross-sectional cohort study

  Carotid plaque
  OR (95% CI) p value
Age, per 1-year increase 1.090 (1.077–1.104)  < 0.001
Male sex 1.826 (1.538–2.168)  < 0.001
MetS 1.568 (1.326–1.856)  < 0.001
Individual component of MetS
Increased BP 2.410 (2.023–2.872)  < 0.001
Increased waist circumference 1.047 (0.888–1.235) 0.582
Increased triglyceride 1.171 (0.975–1.406) 0.091
Decreased HDL-C 1.018 (0.852–1.216) 0.844
Increased fasting glucose 1.709 (1.447–2.019)  < 0.001
Smoking 1.995 (1.667–2.388)  < 0.001
Creatinine, per 1-mg/dL increase 5.304 (3.337–8.431)  < 0.001
Categorical Hb groups
I 1
II 0.750 (0.596–0.943) 0.014
III 0.935 (0.738–1.185) 0.580
IV 1.248 (0.992–1.571) 0.590
  1. BP, blood pressure; CI, confidence interval; Hb, hemoglobin; OR, odds ratio