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Table 4 Multiple linear regression showing the determinants of left ventricular mass in Black patients with essential hypertension

From: Association between insulin resistance and left ventricular hypertrophy in asymptomatic, Black, sub-Saharan African, hypertensive patients: a case–control study

Variables LVM Ih
Β SE p
(Constant) 6.84 8.72 0.435
Age (years) 0.14 0.104 0.183
HTN duration 0.56 0.14  < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 0.67 0.23 0.004
WC (cm) 0.001 0.09 0.994
Glycemia (mmol/L) 0.06 0.46 0.903
Insulin (mmol/L) 0.08 0.04 0.034
HOMA-IR 0.27 1.81 0.021
  R2 = 0.683, overall p ˂ 0.001
  1. HTN = hypertension; BMI = body mass index; WC = waist circumference; HOMA-IR = homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance
  2. \({\text{Y }} = \, 0.{\text{56 X}}_{{1}} + \, 0.{\text{67 X}}_{{2}} + \, 0.0{\text{8 X}}_{{3}} + \, 0.{\text{27 X}}_{{4}} + { 6}.{84}\)
  3. With Y = LVMIh; X1 = HTN duration; X2 = BMI; X3 = insulin; and X4 = HOMA-IR