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Table 1 General characteristics of Black hypertensive patients, stratified by the presence or absence of LVH

From: Association between insulin resistance and left ventricular hypertrophy in asymptomatic, Black, sub-Saharan African, hypertensive patients: a case–control study

Characteristics LVH + 
N = 88
LVH − 
N = 132
p-value
Demographic characteristics    
Age (years) 52.6 ± 10.6 50.3 ± 9.5 0.096
Sex    0.421
Male 52 (59.1) 81 (61.4)  
Female 36 (40.9) 51 (38.6)  
Medical & social history    
Known HTN 60 (68.2) 76 (57.6) 0.074
 Duration of HTN (years) 5.0 (1.0–8.0) 4.0 (2.0–6.0) 0.014
ND HTN 28 (31.8) 56 (42.4) 0.149
Cigarette smoking 87 (98.9) 132 (100.0) 0.400
Alcohol intake 85 (96.6) 128 (97.0) 0.582
Menopause 14 (38.9) 27 (52.9) 0.141
Anthropomorphic measurements    
BMI (kg/m2) 32.6 ± 5.1 28.7 ± 4.3  < 0.001
WC (cm) 109.3 ± 13.2 99.3 ± 10.0  < 0.001
HC (cm) 112.7 ± 9.9 103.8 ± 9.2  < 0.001
Overweight 22 (25.0) 64 (48.5)  < 0.001
Total obesity 65 (73.9) 47 (35.6)  < 0.001
Abdominal obesity 34 (61.4) 43 (32.6)  < 0.001
Lifestyle history    
Sedentarity 71 (80.7) 52 (39.4)  < 0.001
Treatment history & examination findings    
Uncontrolled HTN 20 (22.7) 18 (13.6) 0.060
SBP (mmHg) 138.8 ± 7.8 133.4 ± 7.2 0.048
DBP (mmHg) 82.5 ± 8.7 79.9 ± 9.1 0.087
HR (bpm) 62.1 ± 13.5 70.0 ± 13.4 0.199
  1. HTN = hypertension; ND HTN = newly diagnosed hypertension; WC = waist circumference; BMI = body mass index; HC = hip circumference; HR = heart rate; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure