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Table 1 Univariate analysis regarding HC status in the Al Kharj population sample (n = 1019)

From: The prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and associated risk factors in Al-Kharj population, Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional survey

Variables Hypercholesterolemia Total
(n = 1019)
Chi-square (X2) P value
No (n = 892) Yes (n = 127)
n (%) n (%)
Respondent age Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
  25.6 years (8.6) 31.8 years (8.6) 26.4 years (8.6)   
Respondent sex   
 Male 309 (34.6) 72 (56.7) 381 (37.4) 23.093  ≤ 0.0001
 Female 583 (65.4) 55 (43.3) 638 (62.6)
Marital status   
 Not married 621 (69.6) 41 (32.3) 662 (65.0) 68.086  ≤ 0.0001
 Married 271 (30.4) 86 (67.7) 357 (35.0)
Education level
 Primary 15 (1.7) 7 (5.5) 22 (2.2) 27.177  ≤ 0.0001
 Secondary 101 (11.3) 30 (23.6) 131 (12.9)
 Intermediate 28 (3.1) 2 (1.6) 30 (2.9)
 University 719 (80.6) 81 (63.8) 800 (78.5)
 Postgraduate 29 (3.8) 7 (5.5) 36 (3.5)
Job type
 Not working 28 (3.1) 4 (3.1) 32 (3.1) 56.683  ≤ 0.0001
 Civilian 440 (49.3) 107 (84.3) 547 (53.7)
 Soldier 424 (47.5) 16 (12.6) 440 (43.2)
Diabetes status
 Diabetic 858 (96.2) 116 (91.3) 974 (95.6) 6.195 0.013
 Non-diabetic 34 (3.8) 11 (8.7) 45 (4.4)
 Smoking status
 Non-smoker 787 (88.2) 100 (78.7) 887 (87.0) 9.044 0.011
 Ex-smoker 24 (2.7) 7 (5.5) 31 (3.0)
 Current smoker 81 (9.1) 20 (15.7) 101 (9.9)
BMI class
 Non-obese (< 25 kg/m2) 439 (49.3) 26 (20.5) 465 (45.7) 41.090  ≤ 0.0001
 Overweight (25–29.9 kg/m2) 230 (25.8) 42 (33.1) 272 (26.7)
 Class I obese (30–34.9 kg/m2) 134 (15.0) 35 (27.6) 169 (16.6)
 Class II/III obese (≥ 35 kg/m2) 88 (9.9) 24 (18.9) 112 (11.0)