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Table 1 Summary of diagnostic findings in coronary artery vasculitis

From: Coronary artery vasculitis: a review of current literature

Coronary vasculitis Frequency of coronary artery involvement [2] (%) Histopathologic findings [19] Coronary angiography findings [2] Epicardial coronary arteritis [22] Coronary microvascular disease [22] Intracavitary thrombus [22]
Polyarteritis Nodosa 10–50 Pan-arteritis with intramural, perivascular lymphocytes and macrophage infiltrates Aneurysm and narrowing alternating  +   + 
Kawasaki’s disease 20 Multi-cellular infiltrate with necrosis of internal elastic lamina Large coronary aneurysms  +   +   + 
Takayasu arteritis 10–30 Hyperplasia and granulomatous arteritis Ostial stenosis
Skip lesions
 +   + 
Giant cell arteritis  < 1 Transmural mononuclear cell infiltrate in the internal elastic lamina Smooth narrowing  + 
  1. (+) = present; (–) = not present