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Table 2 Patients’, physicians’ and caregivers’ perception of the impact of HF on daily activities

From: The emotional and social burden of heart failure: integrating physicians’, patients’, and caregivers’ perspectives through narrative medicine

  Patients Informal caregivers Patients, as described by physicians Patients, as described by caregivers
Impact on work, n (%) (n = 33) (n = 21)   
 No changes 6 (18) 5 (24)
 Feeling disadvantaged at work 3 (9) 1 (5)
 Limiting activities at work 14 (42) 9 (43)
 Work interrupted 10 (30) 6 (29)
Spare-time activities before the diagnosis of HF, n (%) (n = 70) (n = 33) (n = 79)  
 Social Life (i.e. dinner with friends, theatre, etc.) 32 (46) 19 (58) 39 (49)
 Sport 17 (24) 5 (15) 10 (13)
 Work and little spare time 10 (14) 13 (16)
 Taking care of the family 7 (10) 8 (24) 13 (16)
 Gardening 4 (6) 1 (3) 4 (5)
Impact on daily activities today, n (%) (n = 69) (n = 32) (n = 74) (n = 44)
 Social life (i.e. friends, theatre, etc.) 18 (26) 5 (16) 34 (46) 5 (11)
 Light physical activities (i.e. bike, walk, etc.) 14 (20) 14 (19)  
 Reading and watching TV 7 (10) 1 (1)  
 Taking care of the family 5 (7) 7 (22) 4 (5)  
 Art (i.e. painting, music, etc.) 3 (5) 5 (7)  
 Limited activities 15 (22) 10 (14) 18 (41)
 Impossible to restore activities 6 (9) 9 (28) 6 (8) 16 (36)
 Activities not restored due to fear 1 (1) 11 (34) 5 (11)
  1. HF heart failure