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Table 2 Distribution of individual Cardiovascular Health Metrics in CWP and NPC

From: Poor cardiovascular health status among Chinese women

Health metrics CWP, No. (%) (n = 5832) NPC, No. (%) (n = 2596) P value
Smoking    
 Ideal (never or quit > 12 months) 5778 (99.1) 2544 (98)  < 0.001
 Intermediate (former ≤ 12 months) 0 0
 Poor (current smoking) 54 (0.9) 52 (2)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2)    
 Ideal (≤ 24) 4219 (72) 1452 (56)  < 0.001
 Intermediate (24–27.9) 1363 (24) 807 (31)
 Poor (≥ 28) 250 (4) 337 (13)
Physical activity    
 Ideal 598 (10) 1499 (58)  < 0.001
 Intermediate 329 (6) 195 (7)
 Poor 4905 (84) 902 (35)
Healthy dieta    
 Ideal (4 components) 1504 (26) NA NA
 Intermediate (2–3 components) 2613 (45) NA
 Poor (0–1 components) 1715 (29) NA
Total cholesterol (mg/dl)    
 Ideal (< 200 without medication) 4552 (78) 1768 (68)  < 0.001
 Intermediate (200–239 or treated to < 200) 1021 (18) 646 (25)
 Poor (≥ 240) 259 (4) 182 (7)
Blood pressure (mmHg)    
 Ideal (< 120/80, without medication) 3424 (59) 981 (38)  < 0.001
 Intermediate (SBP 120–139 or DBP 80–89 or treated to < 120/80) 2299 (39) 1255 (48)  
 Poor (sbp ≥ 140 or DBP ≥ 90) 109 (2) 362 (14)  
Fasting glucose (mg/dl)    
 Ideal (< 100 without medication) 4585 (79) 2036 (78)  < 0.001
 Intermediate (100–125 or treated to < 100) 1121 (19) 435 (17)
 Poor (≥ 126) 126 (2) 125 (5)
Total score of six items (diet excluded), mean ± SD 9.0 ± 1.4 9.2 ± 1.9  < 0.001
Total score of healthy factorsb, mean ± SD 5.1 ± 1.0 4.6 ± 1.1  < 0.001
Total score of healthy behaviorsc, mean ± SD 3.9 ± 0.9 4.6 ± 1.2  < 0.001
  1. SBP: systolic blood pressure; DBP: diastolic blood pressure
  2. aHealthy Diet Score components: (1) vegetables and fresh fruits ≥ 4.5 servings per day; (2) fish ≥ 3.5 oz servings per week; (3) sugar sweetened beverage consumed ≤ 450 kcal (36 oz or 4 glasses) per week; (4) meat consumed none or ≤ 2 servings per week
  3. bHealthy factors: total cholesterol, blood pressure, fasting glucose
  4. cHealthy behaviors: smoking, body mass index, physical activity