Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic, hemodynamic, metabolic and immune characteristics of the study groups

From: Aortic stiffness and central hemodynamics in treatment-naïve HIV infection: a cross-sectional study

  HIV(−) (n = 51) HIV(+)
(n = 51)
P value
Age, years 31.9 ± 10.2 33.4 ± 9.9 0.44
Male sex, n (%) 45 (86) 45 (90) 0.56
Weight, kg 74 ± 13 66 ± 10 < 0.01
Cigarette smoking, n (%) 12 (23.5) 32 (62.7) < 0.01
BMI, kg/m2 24.8 ± 3.3 23.2 ± 4.0 0.04
Hemodynamic
 pSBP, mmHg 117.8 ± 10.3 115.1 ± 12.9 0.24
 pDBP, mmHg 64.5 ± 8.7 65.4 ± 8.8 0.59
 MAP, mmHg 82.7 ± 8.3 82.3 ± 8.8 0.82
 HR, bpm 65.7 ± 11.9 71.2 ± 13.7 0.03
 pPP, mmHg 53.2 ± 9.4 49.6 ± 9.2 0.05
Metabolic profile
 TC, mmol/L 4.1 (3.5 to 4.7) 3.7 (3.1 to 4.4) 0.05
 LDL-c, mmol/L 2.5 (1.9 to 2.9) 2.2 (1.8 to 2.7) 0.29
 HDL-c, mmol/L 1.1 (1.0 to 1.3) 0.8 (0.7 to 0.9) < 0.01
 TG, mmol/L 1.2 (0.9 to 1.6) 1.4 (0.9 to 2.1) 0.25
 Glucose, mmol/L 5.0 (4.7 to 5.3) 4.7 (4.4 to 5.2) 0.04
Immune profile
 CD4+ T, cells/μL 496 ± 298  
 Viral load, copies/mL 70,250 (1173 to 2′279,000)  
  1. Values are mean ± SD and median (IQR)
  2. BMI body mass index, pSBP peripheral systolic blood pressure, pDBP peripheral diastolic blood pressure, MAP mean arterial pressure, HR heart rate, pPP peripheral pulse pressure, TC total cholesterol, LDL-c low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-c high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, TG triglycerides, CD4+ T CD4+ T-cells