Skip to main content

Table 5 Univariate and multivariable analyses of the predictors of heart failure visit and hospitalization

From: Significant functional tricuspid regurgitation portends poor outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction

Parameters Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
HR 95%CI P-value HR 95%CI P-value
Female gender 4.04 1.89–8.63 < 0.001 2.41 1.12–5.22 0.025
CHA2DS2-VASc score 1.32 1.10–1.58 0.003    
History of stroke 2.02 1.07–3.82 0.030 2.05 1.06–4.0 0.034
History of heart failure 2.87 1.47–5.61 0.002    
Diuretics 5.86 3.11–11.07 < 0.001 3.32 1.71–6.46 < 0.001
LAV index 1.03 1.01–1.04 < 0.001    
Significant FTR 7.08 3.70–13.54 < 0.001 4.59 2.33–9.05 < 0.001
Impaired RV systolic function 2.75 1.39–5.44 0.004    
Pulmonary hypertension 3.87 2.04–7.37 < 0.001 2.44 1.25–4.79 0.009
  1. Abbreviations: AF atrial fibrillation, CI confidence interval, FTR functional tricuspid regurgitation, LAV left atrial volume, RV right ventricular, HR Hazard ratio