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Table 2 Fruit and vegetable intake by self-reported history of major cardiovascular events, socio-demographic characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors among persons aged 25–65 years respondents from Pokhara Municipality, Nepal, 2015

From: Factors affecting the fruit and vegetable intake in Nepal and its association with history of self-reported major cardiovascular events

Characteristics Number of servings a day % (N) p-value$
< 3 servings ≥3 servings Total  
Age in years (N = 2656) 0.001*
 24–34 16.7 (52) 20.4 (479) 531  
 35–44 25.4 (79) 30.6 (717) 796  
 45–54 29.6 (92) 30.1 (707) 799  
 55–64 28.3 (88) 18.8 (442) 530  
Ethnicity (N = 2815) < 0.001*
 Janajati 33.0 (116) 32.8 (808) 924  
 Others 30.2 (106) 12.6 (311) 417  
 Upper caste 36.8 (129) 54.6 (1345) 1474  
Sex (N = 2815) 0.981
 Female 65.5 (230) 65.5 (1613) 1843  
 Male 34.5 (121) 34.5 (851) 972  
Educational level (N = 2815) < 0.001*
 Up to primary 68.4 (240) 49.8 (1226) 1466  
 Secondary and high school 26.8 (94) 43.7 (1076) 1170  
 College or university 4.8 (17) 6.6 (162) 179  
Harmful alcohol consumption (N = 2815) < 0.001*
 Yes 43.9 (154) 34.4 (847) 1001  
 No 56.1 (197) 65.6 (1617) 1814  
Current smoking (N = 2815) < 0.001*
 Yes 29.9 (105) 15.1 (372) 477  
 No 70.1 (246) 84.9 (2092) 2338  
History of major cardiovascular events (N = 2815) 0.064
 Yes 3.4 (12) 1.9 (47) 59  
 No 96.6 (339) 98.1 (2417) 2756  
Hypertension (N = 2815) 0.949
 Yes 29.9 (105) 29.7 (733) 838  
 No 70.1 (246) 70.3 (1731) 1977  
Diabetes Mellitus (N = 2815) 0.839
 Yes 4.0 (14) 4.2 (104) 118  
 No 96.0 (337) 95.8 (2360) 2697  
Physical activity (N = 2815) 0.453
 Low 1.1 (4) 0.6 (14) 18  
 Moderate 6.0 (21) 6.1 (150) 171  
 High 92.9 (326) 93.3 (2300) 2626  
BMI (N = 2815) < 0.001*
 Underweight 12.5 (44) 5.9 (145) 189  
 Normal 52.1 (183) 43.9 (1082) 1265  
 Overweight/obese 35.3 (124) 50.2 (1237) 1361  
  1. BMI refers to body mass index. $p-value was reported from the Chi-square test performed between fruit and vegetable intake and history of self-reported cardiovascular events, socio-demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. *refers to statistically significant at p value < 0.05