Skip to main content

Table 5 The odds ratios of the effects of multiple factors on ECG abnormalities except arrhythmias

From: Prevalences and associated factors of electrocardiographic abnormalities in Chinese adults: a cross-sectional study

ECG abnormalities Gender (male vs female) 45–59 years old ≥60 years old Smoking Hypertension Diabetes Obesity Hyper-cholesterolemia Rural (vs urban)
ST depression and T abnormalities 0.51
(0.44–0.58)
1.78
(1.58–2.00)
2.45
(2.07–2.89)
1.04
(0.89–1.22)
1.92
(1.69–2.18)
1.17
(0.98–1.39)
1.24
(1.05–1.47)
1.28
(1.09–1.51)
0.97
(0.87–1.09)
Q wave abnormalities 1.15
(0.84–1.58)
1.28
(0.88–1.86)
1.49
(0.97–2.28)
1.62
(1.14–2.29)
2.04
(1.48–2.81)
1.04
(0.65–1.66)
1.25
(0.81–1.94)
1.41
(0.87–2.28)
0.84
(0.62–1.14)
Q wave abnormalities plus ischemic ST-T abnormalities 1.38
(0.57–3.34)
1.00
(0.41–2.45)
4.13
(1.60–10.69)
0.99
(0.38–2.59)
1.39
(0.65–2.96)
0.89
(0.32–2.47)
0.86
(0.28–2.63)
1.83
(0.77–4.32)
0.79
(0.39–1.61)
ST elevation 20.03
(8.26–48.62)
0.45
(0.26–0.77)
0.13
(0.06–0.26)
1.60
(0.98–2.62)
0.77
(0.47–1.27)
0.15
(0.07–0.34)
0.51
(0.23–1.12)
0.52
(0.19–1.44)
1.15
(0.75–1.77)
Tall R wave left 1.95
(1.48–2.58)
1.51
(1.21–1.89)
1.85
(1.38–2.47)
1.02
(0.80–1.30)
4.03
(3.25–5.00)
0.68
(0.47–0.99)
0.32
(0.22–0.45)
1.16
(0.83–1.61)
1.03
(0.83–1.30)
Tall R wave right 0.58
(0.23–1.48)
0.33
(0.14–0.78)
1.29
(0.50–3.35)
2.83
(1.16–6.89)
2.02
(0.91–4.49)
0.92
(0.36–2.32)
0.93
(0.29–2.98)
0.46
(0.17–1.22)
0.42
(0.19–0.96)
Left/right atrial hypertrophy 2.72
(1.04–7.08)
3.27
(1.57–6.79)
8.47
(3.73–19.22)
0.75
(0.30–1.88)
0.56
(0.21–1.47)
1.36
(0.33–5.61)
0.33
(0.08–1.30)
2.41
(0.76–7.67)
1.11
(0.50–2.51)
Left axis deviation 1.36
(1.04–1.79)
2.12
(1.63–2.76)
3.38
(2.43–4.69)
1.08
(0.81–1.45)
1.40
(1.09–1.79)
1.13
(0.81–1.56)
2.04
(1.54–2.72)
1.26
(0.95–1.66)
0.69
(0.55–0.87)
Right axis deviation 1.64
(0.98–2.75)
0.82
(0.45–1.50)
0.98
(0.51–1.88)
1.60
(0.93–2.77)
0.80
(0.48–1.32)
0.79
(0.32–1.93)
0.32
(0.15–0.66)
0.72
(0.36–1.44)
0.60
(0.38–0.96)
Low voltage 0.44
(0.26–0.72)
1.72
(1.15–2.58)
3.26
(1.90–5.60)
1.73
(1.00–3.00)
0.45
(0.28–0.75)
1.52
(0.85–2.71)
0.52
(0.24–1.10)
0.63
(0.36–1.09)
0.90
(0.63–1.26)
  1. Note: Factors simultaneously adjusted to calculate the odds ratios included gender, age classes, smoking history, hypertension, blood glucose classes, BMI classes, hypercholesterolemia and rural/urban areas. The upper limit and the lower limit of the 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were written in the brackets. Normal ECG was used as the reference. The middle age (45–59 years old) group and the older age (≥60 years old) group were compared with the young group (20–44 years old). The underlined odds ratios indicated the significant associations between the factors and the ECG findings