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Table 3 AUC, optimal cutoff values, sensitivity and specificity of anthropometric indicators to predict high blood pressure according to sex of adult (25–64 years of age) residents of Arba Minch HDSSS, Southern Ethiopia

From: Predictive capacity of obesity indices for high blood pressure among southern Ethiopian adult population: a WHO STEPS survey

  Indices Sex AUC Cutoff value Sensitivity (%) Specificity (%) Youden index
High blood pressure BMI M 0.58 (0.54–0.61) 22.86 35.7% 78.8% 0.15
F 0.54 (0.51–0.57) 24.02 26.4% 85.4% 0.12
WstC M 0.61 (0.58–0.64) 84.05 32.5% 85.4% 0.18
F 0.57 (0.54–0.61) 79.50 52.0% 61.5% 0.13
WHpR M 0.58 (0.54–0.61) 0.91 50.8% 62.7% 0.14
F 0.55 (0.52–0.59) 0.91 41.7% 68.2% 0.10
WHtR M 0.59 (0.56–0.62) 0.50 41.9% 74.0% 0.16
F 0.59 (0.56–0.62) 0.51 56.4% 58.7% 0.15
Systolic blood pressure > 135 mmHg BMI M 0.55 (0.51–0.59) 22.57 38.6% 74.2% 0.13
F 0.48 (0.44–0.52) 25.19 15.9% 88.9% 0.05
WstC M 0.60 (0.57–0.64) 84.05 34.7% 84.2% 0.20
F 0.53 (0.49–0.56) 85.00 25.7% 81.0% 0.07
WHpR M 0.58 (0.54–0.61) 0.91 50.5% 61.3% 0.12
F 0.55 (0.51–0.58) 0.91 40.4% 69.4% 0.10
WHtR M 0.59 (0.55–0.63) 0.50 43.6% 73.5% 0.17
F 0.56 (0.52–0.59) 0.51 54.2% 56.6% 0.11
Diastolic blood pressure > 85 mmHg BMI M 0.59 (0.55–0.63) 21.53 54.4% 60.8% 0.15
F 0.55 (0.52–0.59) 24.22 27.5% 86.1% 0.14
WstC M 0.60 (0.56–0.64) 87.00 26.7% 92.2% 0.19
F 0.58 (0.55–0.62) 79.50 53.5% 60.6% 0.14
WHpR M 0.56 (0.53–0.60) 0.91 50.0% 61.3% 0.11
F 0.55 (0.52–0.59) 0.90 52.6% 58.2% 0.11
WHtR M 0.59 (0.55–0.62) 0.52 30.8% 85.2% 0.16
F 0.59 (0.56–0.63) 0.51 59.0% 57.9% 0.17
  1. AUC Area Under the Curve, BMI Body mass index, WHpR Waist to hip ratio, WHtR Waist to height ratio, WstC Waist circumference