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Table 2 BMI, WstC, WHpR and WHtR values according to blood pressure measurements by sex of adult (25–64 years of age) residents of Arba Minch HDSSS, Southern Ethiopia

From: Predictive capacity of obesity indices for high blood pressure among southern Ethiopian adult population: a WHO STEPS survey

Sex Indicators Freq. (%) Mean (SD) of Anthropometric Indicators
BMI WstC WHpR WHtR
Male Systolic > = 135 303 (18.1) 21.84 (3.09) 81.72 (9.58) 0.91 (0.09) 0.49 (0.06)
< 135 1370 (81.9) 21.30 (2.55) 78.39 (7.13) 0.89 (0.07) 0.48 (0.04)
P-Value   0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Diastolic > = 85 318 (19.0) 22.15 (3.13) 81.71 (9.35) 0.91 (0.08) 0.49 (0.05)
< 85 1355 (81.0) 21.22 (2.51) 78.36 (7.16) 0.89 (0.07) 0.48 (0.04)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
High Blood Pressure Yes 437 (26.1) 21.97 (3.02) 81.42 (9.12) 0.91 (0.08) 0.49 (0.05)
No 1236 (73.9) 21.20 (2.49) 78.14 (6.98) 0.89 (0.07) 0.48 (0.04)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Female Systolic > = 135 334 (20.0) 21.65 (3.69) 79.99 (9.96) 0.90 (0.07) 0.52 (0.06)
< 135 1338 (80.0) 21.60 (3.07) 79.04 (8.38) 0.89 (0.07) 0.51 (0.05)
P-Value   0.812 0.074 0.034 0.001
Diastolic > = 85 346 (20.7) 22.34 (3.95) 81.47 (10.13) 0.90 (0.06) 0.53 (0.06)
< 85 1326 (79.3) 21.42 (2.95) 78.65 (8.22) 0.89 (0.07) 0.51 (0.05)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 0.023 < 0.001
High Blood Pressure Yes 477 (28.5) 22.12 (3.80) 81.07 (10.17) 0.90 (0.07) 0.53 (0.06)
No 1195 (71.5) 21.41 (2.91) 78.50 (7.96) 0.89 (0.07) 0.51 (0.05)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 0.009 < 0.001
Both Systolic > = 135 637 (19.0) 21.74 (3.41) 80.81 (9.81) 0.91 (0.08) 0.51 (0.06)
< 135 2708 (81.0) 21.45 (2.82) 78.71 (7.77) 0.89 (0.07) 0.49 (0.05)
P-Value   0.024 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Diastolic > = 85 664 (19.9) 22.25 (3.58) 81.58 (9.76) 0.90 (0.07) 0.52 (0.06)
< 85 2681 (80.1) 21.32 (2.74) 78.50 (7.70) 0.89 (0.07) 0.49 (0.05)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
High Blood Pressure Yes 914 (27.3) 22.05 (3.44) 81.24 (9.68) 0.90 (0.08) 0.51 (0.06)
No 2431 (72.7) 21.30 (2.71) 78.31 (7.48) 0.89 (0.07) 0.49 (0.05)
P-Value   < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
  1. BMI Body mass index, WHpR Waist to hip ratio, WHtR Waist to height ratio, WstC Waist circumference