Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics, clinical features, and laboratory findings

From: New CHA2DS2-VASc-HSF score predicts the no-reflow phenomenon after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Variables Normal/slow-flow (n = 374) No-reflow (n = 80) P value
Age, years, mean (SD) 59.10(11.61) 63.21(11.64) 0.004*
Female sex, n (%) 98(26.2) 18(22.5) 0.491
Hypertension, n (%) 158(42.2) 44(55.0) 0.037*
Diabetes mellitus, n (%) 79(23.4) 25(31.3) 0.143
History of heart failure, n (%) 3(0.8) 1(1.3) 0.539
History of stroke/TIA, n (%) 30(8.0) 17(21.3) < 0.001*
Vascular disease, n (%) 58(15.5) 30(37.5) < 0.001*
Smoking, n (%) 216(57.8) 50(62.5) 0.434
Hyperlipidemia, n (%) 97(25.9) 29(36.3) 0.061
Family history, n (%) 48(12.8) 17(21.3) 0.051
eGFR, ml/min/1.73m2, mean (SD) 95.92(23.87) 86.25(23.46) 0.001*
SBP, mmHg, mean (SD) 121.86(18.99) 117.83(18.20) 0.083
DBP, mmHg, mean (SD) 76.51(12.64) 75.54(12.34) 0.530
HR, beats/min, mean (SD) 77.58(13.47) 77.18(14.87) 0.809
TC, mmol/L, mean (SD) 4.66(1.06) 4.76(1.06) 0.417
HDL-C, mmol/L, mean (SD) 1.01(0.27) 1.08(0.26) 0.052
LDL-C, mmol/L, mean (SD) 2.99(0.90) 3.04(0.87) 0.665
Creatinine,μmol/L, mean (SD) 69.95(18.95) 78.35(25.18) 0.006*
hemoglobin, g/L, mean (SD) 141.08(17.28) 141.31(15.20) 0.911
glycosylated hemoglobin, %, mean (SD) 6.30(1.45) 6.59(1.53) 0.109
cTnI, ng/L, mean (SD) 1.26(4.92) 4.46(11.84) 0.02*
CK-MB, ng/L, mean (SD) 44.30(74.92) 80.26(103.50) 0.004*
NT-pro BNP, pg/mL, mean (SD) 694.97(2102.8) 1071.8(2519.7) 0.170
Pain-to-balloon time, h, mean (SD) 5.94(3.42) 6.44(2.67) 0.214
CHADS2 score, mean (SD) 1.08(1.04) 1.76(1.20) < 0.001*
CHA2DS2-VASc score, mean (SD) 1.61(1.38) 2.60(1.58) < 0.001*
CHA2DS2-VASc-HSF score, mean (SD) 3.06(1.24) 4.34(1.26) < 0.001*
LVEF, %, mean (SD) 56.62(8.02) 52.87(9.52) 0.005*
Killip class, n (%)
 1 304(81.3) 56(70.0) 0.024*
 > 1 70(18.7) 24(30.0)  
  1. Abbreviations: eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, TIA transient ischemic attack, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, HR heart rate, TC total cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-C low density lipoprotein cholesterol, cTnI cardiac troponin I, CK-MB creatine kinase-myocardial band, NT-pro BNP NT-pro brain natriuretic peptide, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, SD standard deviation
  2. * P < 0.05