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Table 3 Adjusted associations between Parish and CVD risk Factors, SPICES Project, Mukono and Buikwe District, Uganda, N = 4372

From: Cardiovascular risk factor mapping and distribution among adults in Mukono and Buikwe districts in Uganda: small area analysis

 BPBMIPASmokingAlcoholMultiple
Parish
 Buikwe1.34 (0.85–2.11)0.93(0.69–1.26) 1.40(0.45–4.36)1.30(0.81–2.07)0.99(0.80–1.21)
 Busabaga1.88 (1.27–2.77)***0.84(0.63–1.12) 1.51(0.53–4.29)2.43(1.70–3.46)***1.34(1.13–1.58)***
 Kabanga1.76(1.18–2.61)**0.77(0.57–1.04) 1.58(0.54–4.62)2.05(1.41–2.97)***1.22(1.02–1.44)*
 Katoogo1.48(0.96–2.26)0.79(0.58–1.06) 1.63(0.57–4.58)Ref0.95(0.78–1.15)
 Kitovu1.87(1.25–2.78)**0.86(0.64–1.15) 2.14(0.76–5.98)1.28(0.83–1.97)1.07(0.89–1.28)
 Kyabakadde1.22(0.78–1.89)0.91(0.68–1.20) 2.69(0.96–7.50)1.84(1.25–2.70)**1.17(0.98–1.40)
 Kyabazaala1.56(1.04–2.33)*0.72(0.52–0.99)* 1.24(0.42–3.68)2.43(1.70–3.48)***1.22(1.01–1.45)*
 Lugala1.58(1.05–2.35)*0.88(0.66–1.17) 1.11(0.38–3.24)2.36(1.65–3.37)***1.24(1.04–1.46)*
 Mawotto1.81(1.21–2.70)**1.03(0.78–1.36) 1.72(0.60–4.87)2.31(1.61–3.33)***1.29(1.08–1.53)**
 Misindye1.99(1.34–2.95)***0.87(0.64–1.17) Ref1.69(1.11–2.55)*1.29(1.08–1.56)**
 Mpunge1.74(1.14–2.64)**0.95(0.71–1.26) 2.35(0.81–6.80)1.55(1.03–2.33)*1.23(1.02–1.46)*
 Nabalanga1.31(0.85–2.00)0.97(0.73–1.28) 1.74(0.62–4.86)1.53(1.04–2.26)*1.11(0.93–1.32)
 Nagojje0.95(0.61–1.46)1.01(0.77–1.31) 1.17(0.42–3.22)2.48(1.76–3.47)***1.23(1.04–1.45)*
 Namabu1.39(0.91–2.13)0.96(0.72–1.26) 2.05(0.74–5.61)1.66(1.09–2.51)*1.03(0.85–1.24)
NamugangaRefRef 1.45(0.48–4.31)1.86(1.21–2.83)**Ref
Namaliga1.25(0.77–2.02)0.82(0.59–1.13) 3.48(1.18–10.19)*1.51(1.01–2.24)*1.18(0.97–1.44)
Njeru west1.54(0.99–2.39)0.81(0.58–1.11) 1.39(0.42–4.51)2.51(1.62–3.85)***1.23(1.01–1.50)*
Nsakya1.52(1.00–2.31)*0.94(0.71–1.25) 0.79(0.24–2.51)0.74(0.45–1.19)0.93(0.76–1.12)
Seeta - Nazigo1.62(1.07–2.46)*0.92(0.67–1.24) 1.41(0.45–4.37)1.35(0.89–2.02)1.02(0.84–1.24)
Wakisi1.56(1.04–2.35)*0.72(0.52–0.98)* 1.56(0.53–4.51)1.46(0.97–2.19)1.02(0.84–1.23)
Current Smoker
 No (ref)      
 Yes0.94(0.77–1.14)1.10(0.92–1.33)  2.03(1.79–2.30)*** 
Alcohol
 No (ref)      
 Yes1.47(1.29–1.68)***0.96(0.84–1.09) 4.55(3.32–6.24)***  
Sex
 Female (Ref)      
 Male0.93(0.82–1.05)1.00(0.89–1.11) 4.18(3.11–5.61)***1.83(1.63–2.04)***1.38(1.30–1.46)***
Age
 25- < 40 (Ref)      
 Age (40–70)2.35(2.06–2.67)***0.93(0.83–1.03) 1.43(1.11–1.84)**1.09(0.97–1.22)1.35(1.27–1.44)***
Education (post Primary)0.98(0.86–1.11)0.94(0.84–1.04) 0.63(0.47–0.83)***0.86(0.76–0.98)*0.86(0.80–0.92)***
BMI
  < 25 year (ref)      
  ≥ 25   1.11(0.88–1.38)0.97(0.86–1.08) 
Blood Pressure
 Normal (Ref)      
 High 1.00(0.89–1.13) 0.98(0.77–1.24)1.38(1.23–1.54)*** 
Religion
 Catholic (Ref)      
 Protestant0.99(0.87–1.13)0.96(0.85–1.09) 0.72(0.55–0.94)*0.81(0.72–0.90)*** 
 Muslim1.08(0.91–1.27)1.06(0.92–1.22) 1.72(1.20–2.47)**0.19(0.14–0.26)*** 
 Other0.89(0.74–1.06)1.08(0.93–1.24) 0.67(0.39–1.14)0.19(0.14–0.26)*** 
Marital status
 Single (Ref)      
 Cohabiting or married1.42(1.04–1.92)*1.06(0.88–1.27) 0.67(0.46–0.97)*1.09(0.90–1.33)1.09(0.96–1.23)
 Divorced or widowed1.65(1.20–2.27)**1.10(0.89–1.35) 1.34(0.89–2.00)1.05(0.85–1.31)1.23(1.07–1.40)**
Occupation
 Sub-Farming (ref)      
 Informal/formal1.01(0.88–1.16)1.06(0.94–1.19) 0.62(0.44–0.87)** 1.03(0.96–1.11)
  1. *p < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***p < 0.001