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Table 5 Socio-demographic determinants of hypertension control among respondents

From: Patient-level factors influencing hypertension control in adults in Accra, Ghana

CharacteristicUOR [95% CI]AOR a [95% CI]
Age
 27–45RefRef
 46–601.00 [0.31–3.25]2.18[0.50–9.52]
 61–941.25[0.40–3.97]2.04[0.46–9.02]
Knowledge
 Poor knowledgeRefRef
 Moderate knowledge1.22[0.71–2.12]1.05[0.54–2.06]
 Good knowledge1.56[0.12–11.34]1.22[0.08–19.54]
Sex
 MaleRefRef
 Female2.23[1.21–4.11]*3.33[1.65–6.71]**
Education
 No formal EducationRefRef
 Primary0.88[0.42–1.77]1.24[0.55–2.78]
 Junior High2.13[1.08–4.21]*3.06[1.4–6.66]*
 Secondary1.34[0.61–2.96]2.64[1.03–6.76]*
 Tertiary1.27[0.37–4.34]1.51[0.32–7.09]
Length of diagnosis (years)
 1RefRef
 2–50.33[0.14–0.77]*0.27[0.1–0.73]*
 6–100.48[0.21–1.11]0.52[0.19–1.4]
 11–400.88[0.37–2.05]0.67[0.23–1.91]
Comorbidity
 Comorbidity present2.76[1.64–4.64]*0.41[0.22–0.75]**
Dyslipidaemia
 Dyslipidaemia AbsentRefRef
 Dyslipidaemia Present0.28[0.11–0.72]**0.31[0.11–0.89]*
Stroke
 Stroke absentRefRef
 Stroke Present1.18[0.41–3.34]1.9[0.57–6.38]
No. BP pills taken per day
 1–2 pillsRefRef
 3–4 pills0.37[0.22–0.61]***0.32[0.18–0.57]**
  1. UOR Unadjusted odds ratio a Adjusted for all items in the table
  2. AOR: Adjusted odds ratio* p < 0.05; ** p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  3. *Primary: the first 6 years of formal education as primary. Junior high: year 7–9, Secondary: years 10–12. Tertiary: higher education