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Table 3 Socio-demographic factors and Hypertension control

From: Patient-level factors influencing hypertension control in adults in Accra, Ghana

VariableControlled BP  
NoYesχ2p-value
n (%)n (%)  
Age
 Mean age (± SD)61.2 ± 0.6164.1 ± 1.31 0.012
Age categories
 27–4515(78.95)4(21.05)0.79910.671
 46–60112(78.87)30(21.13)  
 61–94149(74.87)50(25.13)  
Sex
 Male90(85.71)15(14.29)6.78320.009
 Female186(72.94)69(27.06)  
Marital Status
 Single15(75.00)5(25.00)5.93670.115
 Married195(80.25)48(19.75)  
 Divorced13(65.00)7(35.00)  
 Widowed53(68.83)24(31.17)  
Knowledge
 Poor knowledge205(77.65)59(22.35) 0.701b
 Moderate knowledge68(73.91)24(26.09)  
 Good knowledge3(75.0)1(25.0)  
Educational Statusa
 No formal education74(80.43)18(19.57)8.42730.077
 Primary90(82.57)19(17.43)  
 Junior high56(65.88)29(34.12)  
 Secondary43(75.44)14(24.56)  
 Tertiary13(76.47)4(23.53)  
Income
 Less than $40163(77.99)46(22.01)0.950.781
  $40- $12084(75.00)28(25.00)  
  > $12029 (74.36)10(25.64)  
Total276 (76.67)84 (23.33)  
  1. n: Frequencies, %:row percentages
  2. aPrimary: the first 6 years of formal education as primary. Junior high: year 7–9, Secondary: years 10–12. Tertiary: higher education
  3. b Based on Fishers exact test