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Fig. 4 | BMC Cardiovascular Disorders

Fig. 4

From: Up-regulating autophagy by targeting the mTOR-4EBP1 pathway: a possible mechanism for improving cardiac function in mice with experimental dilated cardiomyopathy

Fig. 4

M-mode ultrasound images at the level of papillary muscles in the long-axis view. The M-mode echocardiography evaluation included the following four experimental groups as follows: control group, DCM group, rapamycin group, and 3-MA group. The red lines and blue lines indicated the LVEDD and LVESD respectively. Each group, n = 8

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