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Table 1 Demographic and clinical data of the study population subdivided according to the presence or the absence of Metabolic syndrome and Hyperhomocysteinemia in rural Northeast China

From: Hyperhomocysteinemia accompany with metabolic syndrome increase the risk of left ventricular hypertrophy in rural Chinese

VariablesOverall (n = 6837)MetS (−) (n = 4177)MetS (+) (n = 2660)
HHcy (−)0 (n = 2413)HHcy (+)1 (n = 1764)HHcy (−)2 (n = 1603)HHcy (+)3 (n = 1057)
Age, years54.42 ± 10.7351.25 ± 9.8456.53 ± 11.69*54.37 ± 9.70*#58.22 ± 10.40*#^
Homocysteine (μmol/L)17.34 ± 12.3711.35 ± 2.3925.63 ± 15.11*11.34 ± 2.25#26.32 ± 16.01*^
Gender, male (%)3150(46.1)902(37.4)1266(71.8)*381(23.8)*#601(56.9) *#^
Diabetes (%)696(10.2)82(3.4)51(2.9)350(21.8)*#213(20.2)*#
Hypertension (%)3576(52.3)841(34.9)834(47.3)*1095(68.3)*#806(76.3)*#^
High TC (%)874(12.8)232(9.6)160(9.1)273(17.0) *#209(19.8)*#^
High TG (%)1204(17.6)105(4.4)85(4.8)577(36.0)* #437(41.3)*#^
High LDL-C (%)390(5.7)93(3.9)70(4.0)118(7.4) *#109(10.3)*# ^
Low HDL-C (%)791(11.6)84(3.5)96(5.4)*318(19.8)*#293(27.7)*# ^
Hyperuricemia (%)772(11.3)116(4.8)190(10.8)*197(12.3)*269(25.4)*# ^
Abdominal obesity (%)1212(17.7)194(8.0)88(5.0)*638(39.8)*#292(27.6)*# ^
Body mass index(kg/m2)24.79 ± 3.7923.51 ± 3.4423.48 ± 3.3026.85 ± 3.50*#26.78 ± 3.48*
Waist circumference(cm)83.52 ± 9.8579.03 ± 8.5280.27 ± 8.43*89.14 ± 8.33*#90.70 ± 8.64*^
Fast glucose (mmol/L)5.87 ± 1.735.44 ± 1.175.42 ± 0.866.59 ± 2.35*#6.48 ± 2.16*
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.08 ± 1.034.93 ± 0.954.95 ± 0.955.29 ± 1.14*#5.31 ± 1.07*
Triglycerides (mmol/L)1.65 ± 1.611.14 ± 1.021.17 ± 0.742.39 ± 2.20*#2.50 ± 1.90*
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.44 ± 0.411.56 ± 0.381.55 ± 0.451.26 ± 0.29*#1.24 ± 0.34*
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)2.83 ± 0.782.71 ± 0.712.77 ± 0.73*2.96 ± 0.83*#3.01 ± 0.84*
Serum creatinine (mmol/L)70.07 ± 21.6565.80 ± 11.8174.84 ± 31.29*66.34 ± 15.17#77.51 ± 23.96*^
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)142.91 ± 24.58133.8 ± 22.22141.31 ± 24.30*149.56 ± 22.47*#155.88 ± 24.72*^
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)81.73 ± 11.8877.86 ± 10.6380.67 ± 11.75*84.86 ± 11.07*#87.59 ± 12.41*^
Current smoker2547(37.3)782(32.4)922(52.3)*401(25.0)*#442(41.8)*# ^
Current drinker1534(22.4)506(21.0)575(32.6)*198(12.4)*#255(24.1)*# ^
Exercised status (%)    < 0.001
 Low1628(23.8)455(18.9)419(23.8)426(26.6)328(31.0)
 Moderate4772(69.8)1819(75.4)1250(70.9)1043(65.1)660(62.4)
 High437(6.4)139(5.8)95(5.4)134(8.4)69(6.5)
Educational status    < 0.001
 Primary school or below3383(49.5)1065(44.1)885(50.2)843(52.6)590(55.8)
 Middle school2844(41.6)1140(47.2)730(41.4)606(37.8)368(34.8)
 High school or above610(8.9)208(8.6)149(8.4)154(9.6)99(9.4)
  1. Abbreviations: TC total cholesterol, TG triglyceride, HDL high-density lipoprotein, LDL low-density lipoprotein, MetS metabolic syndrome. * vs. MetS (−) + HHcy (−), P < 0.05; # vs. MetS (−) + HHcy (+), P < 0.05; ^ vs. MetS (+) + HHcy (−), P < 0.05;