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Table 2 Comparison between patients with FMD < 6% and those with FMD ≥ 6%

From: Influencing factors of vascular endothelial function in patients with non-obstructive coronary atherosclerosis: a 1-year observational study

 FMD < 6% (n = 65)FMD ≥ 6% (n = 66)P-value
FMD, %3.11 ± 1.6911.45 ± 4.17< 0.001
Age, year60.74 ± 11.4159.56 ± 10.990.548
Male, n (%)30 (46.2)32 (48.5)0.771
Body mass index, kg/m225.82 ± 3.8625.46 ± 3.160.584
Smoking, n (%)13 (20.3)15 (23.1)0.689
Diabetes mellitus, n (%)19 (29.7)11 (16.9)0.121
Family history of premature cardiovascular disease, n (%)13 (20.0)14 (21.2)0.839
Hypertension, n (%)33 (50.8)35 (53.0)0.778
Statins, n (%)10 (15.4)18 (27.3)0.106
β-blocker, n (%)16 (24.6)12 (18.8)0.419
Calcium channel blockers, n (%)16 (24.6)19 (28.8)0.589
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors / angiotensin II receptor blockers, n (%)19 (29.2)16 (24.2)0.519
Heart rate, beats/min70.98 ± 11.4272.73 ± 9.520.351
Systolic blood pressure, mmHg138.38 ± 16.41130.69 ± 16.250.008
Diastolic blood pressure, mmHg74.75 ± 10.7275.88 ± 10.430.546
Pulse pressure, mmHg63.75 ± 16.2954.89 ± 14.750.001
Serum creatinine, μmol/L65.64 ± 17.0867.53 ± 14.020.497
Uric acid, mmol/L338.73 ± 109.08329.95 ± 75.890.600
Glucose, mmol/L5.68 ± 1.605.40 ± 1.370.290
HbA1c, %6.49 ± 0.945.79 ± 0.53< 0.001
Total cholesterol, mmol/L1.79 ± 1.191.75 ± 0.780.822
Triglyceride, mmol/L4.04 ± 0.764.33 ± 0.890.058
High-density lipoprotein cholesterol, mmol/L1.30 ± 0.361.35 ± 0.320.493
Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, mmol/L2.26 ± 0.622.51 ± 0.700.035
Homocysteine, μmol/L15.11 ± 12.0413.22 ± 3.920.439
Ejection fraction, %66.90 ± 6.5864.46 ± 7.520.093
White blood cell, ×109/L6.27 ± 1.716.87 ± 1.940.068
Neutrophil, ×109/L3.55 ± 1.493.97 ± 1.680.140
Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio2.08 ± 1.251.97 ± 1.120.618
Red blood cell distribution width, %12.73 ± 2.7612.93 ± 0.730.818
High-sensitivity C-reactive protein, mg/L3.37 ± 4.137.87 ± 14.310.160
Endothelial progenitor cells per 106 cells52.00 ± 22.1346.59 ± 24.780.254
  1. FMD flow-mediated dilatation