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Table 1 Characteristics of the Study Population

From: Association between elevated blood glucose level and non-valvular atrial fibrillation: a report from the Guangzhou heart study

CharacteristicsEBG
(n = 3440)
No EBG
(n = 8048)
P-value
Men (%)37.634.20.001
Age (years)62.6 ± 10.556.4 ± 11.8<  0.001
Height (cm)158.3 ± 8.3158.6 ± 8.20.079
Weight (kg)62.7 ± 11.159.5 ± 10.5<  0.001
BMI (kg cm− 2)25.0 ± 3.623.6 ± 3.4<  0.001
Waist circumference (cm)87.9 ± 9.982.9 ± 9.8<  0.001
Urban (n, %)1900, 55.23503, 43.5<  0.001
SBP (mmHg)137.8 ± 20.6127.4 ± 19.7<  0.001
DBP (mmHg)82.7 ± 11.779.8 ± 11.5<  0.001
TG (mmol l− 1)2.1 ± 1.91.5 ± 1.2<  0.001
HDL (mmol l− 1)1.4 ± 0.41.6 ± 0.4<  0.001
CHOL (mmol l− 1)5.6 ± 1.25.4 ± 1.1<  0.001
LDL (mmol l− 1)3.7 ± 1.13.6 ± 1.0<  0.001
FPG (mmol l− 1)7.0 ± 2.25.0 ± 0.4<  0.001
Elevated waist circumference (%)67.548.0<  0.001
Elevated TG (%)45.428.2<  0.001
Reduced HDL (%)12.07.1<  0.001
Elevated BP (%)76.853.1<  0.001
Non-valvular AF (n, %)65, 1.979, 1.0<  0.001
Hyperthyroidism (n, %)170, 5.0373, 4.60.473
COPD (n, %)203, 6.0435, 5.40.286
Hypertension (n, %)1588, 46.21789, 22.2<  0.001
HUA (n, %)1675, 48.72875, 35.7<  0.001
CKD (n, %)514, 14.9736, 9.1<  0.001
Smoking (n, %)763, 22.21704, 21.20.234
Alcohol consumption (n, %)719, 20.91732, 21.50.471
Tea consumption (n, %)2607, 75.85785, 71.9<  0.001
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD or n (%). Elevated waist circumference was diagnosed as a waist circumference > 90 cm for males and > 80 cm for females. Elevated TG was diagnosed as a TG level > 150 mg/dL (1.7 mmol/L), or drug treatment for elevated TG. Reduced HDL was diagnosed as a HDL level < 40 mg/dL (1.00 mmol/L) in men and < 50 mg/dL (1.30 mmol/L) in women, or drug treatment for reduced HDL. Elevated BP was diagnosed as a SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 85 mmHg and/or antihypertention drug treatment in a patient with a history of physician-confirmed hypertension
  2. BMI Body mass index, CHOL Cholesterol, CKD Chronic Kidney Disease, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, DBP Diastolic Blood Pressure, EBG Elevated Blood Glucose, FPG, Fasting Plasma Glucose, HDL High-density Lipoprotein, HUA Hyperuricemia, LDL Low-density Lipoprotein, NVAF Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation, TG Triglycerides, SBP, Systolic Blood Pressure