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Table 2 Selected baseline characteristics of initial cohort (n = 400)

From: Harnessing technology and molecular analysis to understand the development of cardiovascular diseases in Asia: a prospective cohort study (SingHEART)

Demographics
 Age, years46 ± 13
 Male, n (%)175 (44)
Ethnicity, n (%)
 Chinese358 (90)
 Indian11 (3)
 Malay19 (5)
 Others12 (3)
BMI (kg/m2)24 ± 4
BSA (m2)1.7 ± 0.2
Waist circumference (m)83 ± 11
Hip circumference (m)96 ± 10
Alcohol history, n (%)152 (38)
Smoking history, n (%)32 (8)
Income, n (%)
 < $3000155 (40)
 $3000–4999109 (28)
 > $5000121 (31)
Occupation, n (%)
 Involving manual labour28 (7)
 Not involving manual labour290 (74)
 Not working74 (19)
At least university education, n (%)206 (52)
Married, n (%)266 (67)
Questionnaire
 Exercise per week (min) (median and inter-quartile range)45 (30,60)
 Servings of vegetable a day1.9 ± 0.9
 Servings of fruits a day1.4 ± 0.9
 Cups of coffee a day1.5 ± 0.9
Blood investigations
 Hemoglobin (g/dL)13.6 ± 1.5
 Creatinine (μmol/L)69 ± 16
 Fasting glucose (mmol/L)5.3 ± 0.5
 High-density Lipoprotein (mmol/L)1.49 ± 0.34
 Low-density Lipoprotein (mmol/L)3.37 ± 0.8)
Electrocardiogram
 PR (ms)160 ± 22
 QRS (ms)89 ± 11
 QTc (ms)424 ± 22
Vitals monitoring
 24 h Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)116 ± 13
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)128 ± 18
 Systolic blood pressure dipping (mmHg)9 ± 6
 24 h Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)73 ± 9
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)78 ± 13
 Diastolic blood pressure dipping (mmHg)11 ± 7
 Mean arterial pressure (mmHg)88 ± 9
 Mean arterial pressure dipping (mmHg)9 ± 7
 Mean heart rate (bpm)72 ± 8
 Mean pulse pressure (mmHg)43 ± 7
Calcium score (Agatston units)39 (238)
Cardiac MRI
 Left ventricular ejection fraction (%)63 ± 6
 Left ventricular end diastolic volume index (ml/m2)71 ± 12
 Left ventricular end systolic volume index (ml/m2)27 ± 7
 Left ventricular mass index (g/m2)43 ± 13
  1. N.B. Continuous variables presented as mean ± SD and categorical variables as n (%) unless otherwise indicated