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Table 2 Binary logistic regression analysis of HTN by socio-demography, anthropometry, dietary pattern, lifestyle and nutritional status of adults in Kombolcha

From: Prevalence and associated anthropometric and lifestyle predictors of hypertension among adults in Kombolcha town and suburbs, Northeast Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study

Variable n (%) HTN, n (%) Binary analysis
   COR (95% CI) P-value
Sex
 Female (Ref) 143 (45.8) 45 (31.4) 1.000  
 Male 169 (54.2) 51 (30.1) 0.941 0. 581–1.524 0.806
Age (year)
 18–30 (Ref) 85 (27.2) 13 (15.2) 1.000  
 31–45 140 (44.9) 35 (25.0) 1.897 0.940–3.831 0.074
 ≥ 46 87 (27.9) 48 (55.1) 7.385 3.563–15.306 <0.0001*
BMI
 Normal (Ref) 143 (45.8) 7 (4.8) 1.000  
 Overweight 139 (44.2) 63 (45.3) 16.105 7.024–36.927 <0.0001*
 Obese 30 (9.6) 26 (86.6) 126.286 34.481–462.514 <0.0001*
WC
 Low risk (Ref) 133 (42.6) 34 (25.5) 1.000  
 Increased risk 87 (27.9) 27 (31.0) 1.310 0. 720–2.384 0.376
 Substantially increased risk 92 (29.5) 35 (38.0) 1.788 1.008–3.173 0.047
WHR
 Low risk (Ref) 140 (44.9) 41 (29.8) 1.000  
 Substantially increased risk 172 (55.1) 55 (31.9) 1.135 0.699–1.843 0.609
WHtR
 Low risk (Ref) 66 (21.2) 19 (28.7) 1.000  
 Increased risk 165 (52.9) 43 (26.0) 0.872 0.461–1.647 0.673
 Substantially increased risk 81 (25.9) 34(41.9) 1.789 0.896–3.574 0.099
Occupational physical activity
 Vigorous (Ref) 34 (10.9) 2 (5.8) 1.000  
 Moderate 95 (30.4) 14 (14.7) 2.765 0.595–12.862 0.195
 Light 183 (58.7) 80 (43.7) 12.427 2.891–53.410 0.001*
Walking or riding a bicycle
 5–7 days (Ref) 280 (89.7) 70 (25.0) 1.000  
 1–4 days 32 (10.3) 26 (81.2) 13.000 5.140–32.882 <0.0001*
Sport
 Vigorous (Ref) 24 (7.7) 1 (4.1) 1.000  
 Moderate 76 (24.4) 1 (1.3) 0.307 0.018–5.098 0.410
 No 212 (67.9) 94 (44.3) 18.322 2.430–138.169 <0.005*
Sedentary lifestyle (minutes/day)
 <60 (Ref) 8 (2.6) 0 (0.0) 1.000  
 61–120 51 (16.3) 4 (7.8) 137,489,063.300 0.000- 0.999
 > 121 253 (81.1) 92 (36.4) 923,140,853.600 0.000- 0.999
Cigarette smoking
 No (Ref) 251 (80.4) 68 (27.1) 1.000  
 Yes 61 (19.6) 28 (45.9) 2.283 1.284–4.060 0.005*
Khat chewing
 No (Ref) 97 (31.1) 4 (4.1) 1.000  
 Yes 215 (68.9) 92 (42.8) 17.390 6.167–49.037 < 0.0001*
Binge drinking
 No (Ref) 228 (73.1) 51(22.4) 1.000  
 Yes 84 (26.9) 45(53.6) 4.005 2.357–6.807 <0.0001
Resident
 Suburban (Ref) 82 (26.3) 25 (30.5) 1.000  
 Urban 230 (73.7) 71 (30.9) 1.018 0.589–1.760 0.949
Job
 Farmer (Ref) 42(13.5) 11(26.2) 1.000  
 Merchant 136 (43.6) 41 (30.1) 1.216 0.558–2.651 0.622
 Civil servant 134 (42.9) 44 (32.8) 1.378 0.634–2.995 0.419
Marital status
 Divorced (Ref) 54 (17.3) 14 (25.9) 1.000  
 Unmarried 67 (21.5) 21 (31.3) 1.304 0.587–2.897 0.514
 Married 191 (61.2) 61(31.9) 1.341 0.679–2.647 0.398
Education
 Grade 8 complete (Ref) 132 (42.3) 37 (28.0) 1.000  
 Grade 10 complete 70 (22.4) 21 (30.0) 1.100 0.582–2.080 0.786
 Certificate and above 110 (35.3) 38 (34.5) 1.355 0.785–2.341 0.276
Household size
 Three and above (Ref) 74 (23.7) 12 (16.2) 1.000  
 Single 28 (8.9) 15 (53.6) 2.474 1.250–4.895 0.009*
 Two 210 (67.3) 68 (32.3) 6.889 2.610–18.186 <0.0001*
Family history of HTN
 No (Ref) 128 (41.1) 81 (63.3) 1.000  
 Yes 184 (58.9) 15 (8.1) 19.417 10.251–36.778 <0.0001*
DDS
 High (Ref) 143 (45.8) 45 (31.5) 1.000  
 Low 169 (54.2) 51 (30.2) 0.941 0.581–1.524 0.806
  1. DDS Dietary diversity score, BMI Body mass index, WC Waist circumference, WHR Waist-to-hip ratio, WHtR Waist-to-height ratio, n Number of people, COR Crude odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, *statistically significant, %: percentage