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Table 1 Clinical and echocardiographic data of the study population

From: Going beyond classic echo in aortic stenosis: left atrial mechanics, a new marker of severity

  sAS mAS P-value
Age (±SD, years) 76.4 (±8.8) 76.2 (±6.9) 0.834
Men (%) 54.9 46.9 0.337
Atrial fibrillation (%) 24.4 25 0.932
Symptoms (%) 86.6 21.9 < 0.001
LVEF (±SD, %) 60.3 (±7.3) 62.2 (±5.4) 0.084
LVDD (±SD, mm) 51.6 (±6.7) 52.2 (±7.4) 0.604
LVSD (±SD, mm) 33.8 (±7.1) 32.6 (±6.7) 0.238
IVS (±SD, mm) 12.8 (±3.8) 11.5(±2.3) 0.021
E/e’ (±SD) 18.4 (±8.0) 15.8 (±4.3) 0.034
TAPSE (±SD, mm) 20.2 (±3.6) 20.6 (±3.3) 0.488
PASP (±SD, mmHg) 28.9 (±11.8) 29.5 (±10.1) 0.779
LAVI (±SD, mL.m−2) 42.6 (±12.3) 39.5 (±12.2) 0.129
LV-GLS (±SD,%) −17.1 (±3.84) −18.5 (±3.85) 0.025
LA ɛsys (±SD,%) 13.8 (±5.7) 23.1 (±7.0) < 0.001
LA ɛe(±SD,%) 6.5 (±3.2) 11.5(±4.4) < 0.001
LA ɛa(±SD,%) 7.1(±3.9) 11.5(±4.4) < 0.001
LA SRs(±SD,%) 0.8 (±0.3) 1.0(±0.3) < 0.001
LA SRe(±SD,%) −0.5(±0.3) −0.7(±0.3) 0.003
LA SRa(±SD,%) −1.03 (±0.4) −1.2(±0.4) 0.017
Global strain (±SD,%) 4.6(±0.9) −3.1 (±0.7) < 0.001
  1. IVS interventricular septum, LAVI left atrial volume (indexed), LA ɛsys left atrial systolic strain (reservoir function), LA ɛe left atrial early diastolic strain (conduit function), LA ɛa left atrial late diastolic strain (contractile function), LA SRs left atrial systolic strain rate (reservoir function), LA SRe left atrial early diastolic strain rate (conduit function), LA SRa left atrial late diastolic strain (contractile function), LV-GLS left ventricular global longitudinal strain, LVDD left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, LVSD left ventricular end-systolic diameter, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, mAS moderate aortic stenosis, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure, sAS severe aortic stenosis, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion.