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Table 6 Income and education levels by weight, physical activity and smoking status of adult outpatients (N = 325) at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Disease burden and associated risk factors for metabolic syndrome among adults in Ethiopia

BMI category in kg/m2 (%) < 18.5 18.5–24.9 25.0–29.9 ≥30.0 p-value
Income, birr <  2000 69.1 7.1 16.6 7.1 0.834
2000–4000 72.5 7.5 17.5 2.5
≥4000 66.6 3.3 26.7 3.3
Education Primary schools or less 73.1 10.1 14.9 1.8 0.010
Secondary school or more 57.0 9.7 27.2 6.1
Regular exercise/ physical activity (%) Yes No p-value
Income, birr <  2000 4.8 95.2 0.136
2000–4000 4.6 95.4
≥4000 15.6 84.4
Education Primary schools or less 2.8 97.2 0.031
Secondary school or more 8.5 91.5
Tobacco use (%) Yes No p-value
Income, birr <  2000 4.6 95.4 0.834
2000–4000 2.3 97.7
≥4000 3.1 96.9
Education Primary schools or less 5.6 94.4 0.088
Secondary school or more 1.7 98.3
  1. Appendix shows the relationship of weight status by BMI categories and levels of education with physical activity and smoking status among the study participants