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Table 2 Behavioral and lifestyle characteristics of adult outpatients (N = 325) at St. Paul’s Hospital Millennium Medical College in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

From: Disease burden and associated risk factors for metabolic syndrome among adults in Ethiopia

Variable Total N = 325 (%) Men N = 155 (%) Women N = 170 (%) p-value
Alcohol use 106 (32.6) 63 (40.7) 43 (25.3) 0.003
Tobacco use 12 (3.7) 12 (7.7) 0 (0.0) 0.0002
Khat use 33 (10.3) 30 (19.5) 3 (1.8) < 0.0001
Physical activity at work 105 (33.6) 49 (33.1) 56 (33.9) 0.876
Number of days with physical activity at work < 5 days/week 261 (80.3) 118 (76.1) 143 (84.1) 0.071
≥5 days/week 64 (19.7) 37 (23.9) 27 (15.9)
Doing exercise / leisure physical activity 16 (4.9) 9 (5.9) 7 (4.1) 0.473
Walking/ bicycle for transportation 194 (60.3) 92 (60.1) 102 (60.4) 0.967
Adding salt before or as eating 230 (71.0) 108 (70.1) 122 (71.7) 0.746
Type of oil used None 129 (39.9) 58 (37.9) 71 (41.8) 0.525
Vegetable oil 133 (41.2) 68 (44.4) 65 (38.2)
Other oil/ fat 61 (18.9) 27 (17.7) 34 (20.0)
Number of days fruits or vegetables were eaten ≥5 days/week 113 (34.8) 54 (34.8) 59 (34.7) 0.988
2–4 days/week 125 (38.5) 59 (38.1) 66 (38.8)
< 2 days/week 87 (26.8) 42 (27.1) 45 (26.5)
Number of fruits or vegetable servings ≥5 servings/day 5 (1.5) 3 (1.9) 2 (1.2) 0.579
< 5 servings/day 320 (98.5) 152 (98.1) 168 (98.8)