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Table 4 Multiple regression models with arterial distensibility as dependent variable and BMI, percentage of body fat, and waist circumference as independent variables. The models are adjusted for age, MAP, and the biomarkers total cholesterol, glucose, and insulin

From: Body composition is a strong predictor of local carotid stiffness in Swedish, young adults – the cross sectional Lifestyle, biomarkers, and atherosclerosis study

  Arterial distensibility (kPa−1)
  Women (n = 164) Men (n = 56)
  Standardized β P Standardized β P
BMI model
 BMI (kg/m2) −0.277 < 0.01 −0.440 < 0.01
 Age 0.013 0.874 −0.053 0.700
 MAPbrach (mmHg) −0.101 0.220 −0.177 0.183
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.002 0.980 0.195 0.152
 Glucose (mmol/L) −0.064 0.449 −0.088 0.544
 Insulin (mU/L) 0.048 0.617 0.028 0.843
Body fat model
 Body fat (%) −0.213 < 0.05 −0.450 < 0.01
 Age −0.006 0.938 −0.159 0.208
 MAPbrach (mmHg) −0.113 0.174 −0.170 0.192
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) 0.015 0.856 0.199 0.133
 Glucose (mmol/L) −0.092 0.293 −0.109 0.440
 Insulin (mU/L) 0.022 0.824 0.044 0.755
Waist model
 Waist (cm) −0.218 < 0.05 −0.375 < 0.05
 Age −0.013 0.872 −0.096 0.488
 MAPbrach (mmHg) −0.115 0.165 −0.188 0.167
 Total cholesterol (mmol/L) −0.003 0.971 0.186 0.181
 Glucose (mmol/L) −0.068 0.432 −0.156 0.284
 Insulin (mU/L) 0.019 0.845 0.082 0.600
  1. Notes: Standardized β and P values for the independent variables are presented. Level of significance was set at P < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: BMI (kg/m2), body mass index, Waist (cm), waist circumference, Body fat (%), percentage of body fat, MAPbrach (mmHg), Brachial mean arterial pressure