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Table 3 Simple linear regression with cIMT and local stiffness measurements as dependent variables

From: Body composition is a strong predictor of local carotid stiffness in Swedish, young adults – the cross sectional Lifestyle, biomarkers, and atherosclerosis study

  cIMT (μm) Arterial distensibility (kPa−1) Young’s elastic modulus (kPa) β stiffness index
  Standardized β Standardized β Standardized β Standardized β
Variables Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men
BMI (kg/m2) 0.147 0.172 − 0.310** −0.437* 0.267* 0.325 0.294** 0.371
Waist circumference (cm) 0.138 0.150 −0.268* − 0.390 0.233 0.245 0.250 0.254
Body fat (%) 0.178 0.199 −0.252 − 0.474* 0.214 0.255 0.239 0.323
SBPbrach (mm Hg) 0.242 0.146 −0.333*** −0.471* 0.241 0.299 0.154 0.247
DBP brach (mm Hg) 0.164 −0.166 0.000 −0.082 −0.050 0.115 −0.201 − 0.099
MAP brach (mm Hg) 0.204 −0.010 −0.170 − 0.272 0.155 0.262 0.015 0.092
  1. Notes: Standardized β (Standardized coefficients β) are presented in women (n = 164) and men (n = 56) separately. Significance levels after Bonferroni correction; *P < 0.00104, **P < 0.00021, ***P < 0.000021
  2. Abbreviations: BMI (kg/m2), Body mass index, Body fat (%), Percentage of body fat, SBPbrach (mmHg), Brachial systolic blood pressure, DBPbrach (mmHg), Brachial diastolic blood pressure, and MAPbrach (mmHg), Brachial mean arterial pressure