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Table 1 Body composition measurements, blood pressure, carotid diameter, cIMT, and biomarkers in the LBA subsample. Descriptives are presented for women and men separately

From: Body composition is a strong predictor of local carotid stiffness in Swedish, young adults – the cross sectional Lifestyle, biomarkers, and atherosclerosis study

  LBA subsample (n = 220)  
Women (n = 164) Men (n = 56)  
Mean SD Min-Max Mean SD Min-Max P-values
Age (year) 21.7 2.0 18–25 22.1 2.0 19–25 0.204
Height (cm) 168.3 6.1 149.0–189.0 181.1 6.0 169.0–200.0 < 0.001
Weight (kg) 62.6 10.7 42.8–139.0 74.8 9.9 57.3–96.1 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.1 3.4 15.8–44.9 22.8 2.6 17.4–29.2 0.153
Waist (cm) 73.4 7.3 57.0–116.5 80.9 6.1 60.0–96.0 < 0.001
Body fat (%) 27.3 6.3 10.3–51.8 15.0 4.2 2.0–24.9 < 0.001
SBPbrach (mmHg) 110 8 90–138 123 10.0 103–148 < 0.001
DBPbrach (mmHg) 65 5 52–77 66 7 49–79 0.167
MAPbrach (mmHg) 81 6 40–98 86 7 68–99 < 0.001
Carotid diam (μm) 6028 352 5271–6843 6412 417 5592–7454 < 0.001
cIMT (μm) 610 81 400–819 646 105 453–901 < 0.05
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.3 0.8 2.5–8.2 4.0 0.8 2.5–5.8 < 0.01
Glucose (mmol/L) 4.9 0.3 4.2–6.9 5.2 0.3 4.5–5.9 < 0.001
Insulin (mU/L) 7.8 3.6 1.3–24.0 7.5 3.6 1.2–15.4 0.689
  1. Notes: Results (mean, SD (standard deviation) and min-max values) are presented for women and men separately. Mean differences between the women and men were analyzed by unpaired Student’s t-test. Level of significance was set at P < 0.05
  2. Abbreviations: BMI (kg/m2), Body mass index, Waist (cm), Waist circumference, Body fat %, percentage of body fat, SBPbrach (mmHg), Brachial systolic blood pressure, DBPbrach (mmHg), Brachial diastolic blood pressure, MAPbrach (mmHg), Brachial mean arterial pressure, Carotid diam (μm), Carotid end diastolic diameter, cIMT (μm), Intima media thickness