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Table 2 Baseline Echocardiogram Information of HF Population Stratified by LVEF

From: Clinical characteristics and prognosis of heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction: insights from a multi-centre registry study in China

Parameters HFrEF(n = 211) HFmrEF(n = 201) HFpEF(n = 343) p value
2-dimensional parameters
 LV enlargement (LVEDD>55 mm(Male), 50 mm(Female)), n(%) 188 (89.1%)# 136 (67.7%)*# 96 (28.0%)* < 0.001
 LV end-diastolic diameter (mm) 61 (48–68) 56 (46–61) 47 (41–57)  
 LV end-diastolic volume (ml) 176 (123–189) 146 (117–161) 99 (90–123)  
 LA enlargement (LAD>39 mm), n(%) 176 (83.4%)# 125 (62.2%)*# 177 (51.6%)* < 0.001
 LA diameters 42 (36–47) 41 (34–46) 39 (32–45)  
 RV enlargement (RVEDD>25 mm), n(%) 65 (30.8%)# 22 (10.9%)* 39 (11.4%)* < 0.001
 RV systolic dysfunction (TAPSE< 16 mm), n(%) 27 (12.8%)# 9 (4.5%)* 20 (5.8%)* 0.002
 RA enlargement (RAD>40 mm), n(%) 83 (39.3%)# 48 (23.9%)* 82 (23.9%)* < 0.001
Doppler parameters
 LV diastolic dysfunction (E/A ratio < 0.8), n(%) 19 (9.0%)# 28 (13.9%)# 78 (22.7%)* < 0.001
 Pulmonary hypertension (PASP>40 mmHg), n(%) 60 (28.4%)# 38 (18.9%) 66 (19.2%)* 0.021
 Valve abnormity, n(%) 112 (53.1%)# 76 (37.8%)* 123 (36.9%)* < 0.001
  1. Abbreviations: LV left ventricle, LVEDD left ventricular end diastolic diameter, LA left atrium, LAD left atrial diameter, RV right ventricle, RVEDD right ventricular end diastolic diameter, TAPSE tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, RA right atrium, RAD right atrial diameter, E/A mitral early (E) wave velocity/mitral late (A) wave velocity, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure
  2. *p < 0.025 versus HFrEF
  3. #p < 0.025 versus HFpEF