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Table 1 Study Characteristics

From: The effect of mobile applications for improving adherence in cardiac rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author and Country Study design CVD population Sample size Mean age %female Intervention/Control Intervention duration
Forman et al.2014, USA [22] quasi-experimental study phaseIICR 26 59 (43–76) 23 I: HC mobile app + CR no controlled 30 days
Harzand et al.2018, USA [23] quasi-experimental study CHD referred to CR 21 65 0 I: commercially available smartphone platform+ CR; no controlled 12 weeks
Laustsen et al. 2018, Denmark [24] quasi-experimental study CR 34 58 (25–72) 18 I: SportsMedicin app with HR monitoring + CR; no controlled 12 weeks
Rosario et al.2018, Australia [25] RCT CR 66 ns ns I: STAHR app with health monitoring + CR; C: TCR 6 weeks
Skobel et al.2017, German [26] RCT phaseIICR 118 59 (45–73) 11 I: GEx system intervention + CR; C: TCR 6 weeks
Varnfield et al.2014, Australia [27] RCT post-MI referred to CR 94 55 13 I: CAP-CR; C: TCR 6 weeks
Widmer et al.2015, USA [28] Controlled, non-Randomized before–after study ACS referred to CR 76 66 27 I1: PHA mobile app + CR;
I2: PHA mobile app + P-CR; C1: TCR; C2: P-TCR
3 months
Widmer et al. 2017, USA [29] RCT ACS referred to CR 71 63 18 I: PHA mobile app + TCR; C: TCR 3 months
  1. Key: CVD Cardiovascular Disease, CR Cardiac Rehabilitation, I Intervention Group, C Controlled Group, RCT Randomized Controlled Trial, CHD Coronary Heart Disease, MI Myocardial infarction, ACS Acute Coronary Syndrome, NS Not Specified, HC Heart Coach, STARHR Smartphone Technology and Heart Rehabilitation, GEx Guide Exercise, APP Application, CAP Care Assessment Platform, PHA Personal Health Assistant, TCR Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation, P-CR Post Cardiac Rehabilitation, HR Heart Rate