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Table 2 Results of multilevel linear regression analyses presenting the association between symptoms of depression and physical activity

From: Symptoms of depression are associated with physical inactivity but not modified by gender or the presence of a cardiovascular disease; a cross-sectional study

  Model 1
95% C.I.
Model 2
95% C.I.
Model 3
95% C.I.
RAPA (1–7) B Lower Upper P B Lower Upper P B Lower Upper P
PHQ-9 (0–27) −0.06 −0.08 −0.04 < 0.01 −0.08 −0.14 −0.02 0.01 −0.09 −0.15 −0.02 0.01
Gender (M/ F) 0.33 0.18 0.48 < 0.01 0.33 0.18 0.48 < 0.01 0.29 0.10 0.47 < 0.01
Patient group (SP/PP) −0.01 − 0.15 0.14 0.92 −0.05 − 0.22 0.12 0.55 −0.02 − 0.16 0.12 0.82
Age (Y) −0.03 −0.03 − 0.02 < 0.01 − 0.03 −0.04 − 0.02 < 0.01 − 0.03 −0.04 − 0.02 < 0.01
Smoking status (Y/ N) 0.35 0.13 0.57 < 0.01 0.35 0.13 0.56 < 0.01 0.34 0.13 0.56 < 0.01
PAM (0–13) 0.02 0.01 0.03 < 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 < 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.03 < 0.01
SP/PP group*PHQ-9      0.01 −0.02 0.05 0.47     
Gender*PHQ-9          0.02 −0.02 0.05 0.44
  1. * means SP/ PP group multiplied by PHQ-9
  2. Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire. PHQ9 Patient Health Questionnaire 9, PAM Patient Activation Measure questionnaire score, SP secondary prevention patients, PP primary prevention patients