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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population

From: Symptoms of depression are associated with physical inactivity but not modified by gender or the presence of a cardiovascular disease; a cross-sectional study

  Patient group
Primary prevention patients Secondary prevention patients
  Female (n = 407) Male (n = 843) Total (n = 1250) Female (n = 354) Male (n = 580) Total (n = 934)
Age in years, mean, SD 75.74 ± 7.10 73.15 ± 6.79 73.99 ± 6.99 68.83 ± 13.11 68.31 ± 10.80 68.50 ± 11.73
RAPA, mean, SD 4.4 ± 1.62 5.01 ± 1.54 4.82 ± 1.59 4.61 ± 1.55 5.02 ± 1.58 4.87 ± 1.58
Active (RAPA 6–7 points), n, (%) 151 (37.1%) 430 (51.0%) 581(46.5%) 137 (38.7%) 299 (51.6%) 436 (46.7%)
Suboptimal (RAPA 4–5 points), n, (%) 97 (23.8%) 205 (24.3%) 302 (24.2%) 97 (27.4%) 132 (22.8%) 229 (24.5%)
Underactive (RAPA≤3 points), n, (%) 129 (31.8%) 172 (20.4%) 301 (24.1%) 98 (27.7%) 127 (21.9%) 225 (24.1%)
Missing, n, (%) 30 (7.4%) 36 (4.3%) 66 (5.3%) 22 (6.2%) 22 (3.8%) 44 (4.7%)
PHQ-9, mean, SD 2.67 ± 3.35 1.78 ± 3.08 2.05 ± 3.19 4.23 ± 4.48 2.57 ± 3.49 3.18 ± 3.96
No symptoms of depression (0–4), n, (%) 298 (73.2%) 719 (85.3%) 1017 (81.4%) 208 (58.8%) 445 (76.7%) 653 (69.9%)
Mild symptoms of depression (5–9), n, (%) 64 (15.7%) 77 (9.1%) 141 (11.3%) 93 (26.3%) 84 (14.5%) 177 (19.0%)
Moderate symptoms of depression (10–14), n, (%) 13 (3.2%) 22 (2.6%) 35 (2.8%) 26 (7.3%) 25 (4.3%) 51 (5.5%)
Moderately severe symptoms of depression (15–19), n, (%) 7 (1.7%) 3 (0.4%) 10 (0.8%) 10 (2.8%) 4 (0.7%) 14 (1.5%)
Severe symptoms of depression (20–27), n, (%) 0 4 (0.5%) 4 (0.3%) 4 (1.1%) 2 (0.3%) 6 (0.6%)
Missing, n, (%) 25 (6.1%) 18 (2.1%) 43 (3.4%) 13 (3.7%) 20 (3.4%) 33 (3.5%)
PAM, mean, SD 35.31 ± 8.47 36.70 ± 8.55 36.27 ± 8.5 36.41 ± 7.59 38.45 ± 7.56 37.68 ± 7.63
Missing, n, (%) 28 (7.4%) 12 (1.4%) 40 (3.3%) 14 (4.1%) 14 (2.5%) 28 (3.1%)
Smoking status
 YES, n, (%) 23 (5.9%) 87 (10.5%) 91.2 (8.8%) 52 (15.2%) 77 (13.6%) 129 (13.8%)
 NO, n, (%) 366 (94.1%) 471 (89.5%) 1107 (89.5%) 291 (84.8%) 490 (86.4%) 781 (86.2%)
Missing, n, (%) 18 (4.4%) 15 (1.8%) 33 (2.7%) 11 (3.1%) 13 (2.2%) 24 (2.5%)
  1. RAPA Rapid Assessment of Physical Activity Questionnaire, PHQ-9 Patient Health Questionnaire-9, PAM Patient Activation Measure questionnaire