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Table 1 Patients demographics

From: Long-term survival and quality of life in Jehovah’s witnesses after cardiac surgery: a case control study

  Jehovah’s Witnesses (n = 31) Control Group
(n = 62)
p Value
Age (years) 62 ± 15 62 ± 14 0.873
Women
BMI (kg/m2)
10 (32%)
27.4 ± 4.3
20 (32%)
26.2 ± 4.0
1.000
0.182
Euroscore II 2.80 ± 3.34 2.38 ± 2.20 0.469
Preoperative Cockcroft’s CC in mL/min 84 ± 29 82 ± 27 0.776
Renal insufficiency (Cockcroft’s CC < 85 mL/min) 16 (52%) 34 (55%) 0.769
Diabetes 8 (26%) 15 (24%) 0.865
Recent smoker 3 (10%) 17 (27%) 0.062
Hypertension 18 (58%) 30 (48%) 0.379
Hypercholesterolemia 19 (61%) 36 (58%) 0.765
Positive family history 10 (32%) 18 (29%) 0.749
Cerebrovascular accident 4 (13%) 5 (9%) 0.457
Peripheral vascular disease 8 (26%) 6 (10%) 0.040
Previous myocardial infarction 6 (19%) 11 (18%) 0.850
Recent myocardial infarction (<  90 days) 3 (10%) 6 (10%) 1.000
COPD 6 (19%) 6 (10%) 0.189
NYHA    0.452
I 6 (19%) 7 (11%)
II 12 (39%) 21 (34%)
III 10 (32%) 30 (48%)
IV 3 (10%) 4 (6%)
Preoperative LVEF 62 ± 11 59 ± 14 0.340
Preoperative AF 5 (16%) 9 (15%) 0.838
Reoperation 3 (10%) 8 (13%) 0.650
Urgent status 7 (23%) 6 (10%) 0.091
  1. (BMI Body Mass Index, CC Creatinine Clearance, Recent smoker Current smoker or ex-smoker for less than 5 years, COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, NYHA New York Heart Association score, AF Atrial Fibrillation, LVEF Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction)