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Table 4 Characteristics and Strain Parameters of CS Patients With Normal LV and RV Function and Control Patients Without CSa

From: Diagnostic and predictive value of speckle tracking echocardiography in cardiac sarcoidosis

VariableCS Patients with LVEF > 52% (men) and > 54% (women) (n = 23)Control Patients (N = 97)P Value
Age, y52.9 ± 10.040.4 ± 13.6.0001
Female sex, No. (%)5 (21.7)61 (62.9).0001
BMI, kg/m229.9 ± 4.725.9 ± 4.8.001
Systolic BP, mm Hg123.3 ± 16.5115.6 ± 15.5.05
Diastolic BP, mm Hg71.6 ± 7.271.2 ± 9.8.81
Heart rate, bpm75.3 ± 20.472.7 ± 13.3.45
LV mass indexed for BSA, g/m292.7 ± 22.976.7 ± 13.6.0001
LVEF, %57.3 ± 3.863.9 ± 3.8.0001
E/A1.1 ± 0.61.6 ± 0.6.001
E/e′9.2 ± 4.47.7 ± 1.9.01
LV GLS, %−15.9 ± 2.5−18.2 ± 2.7.001
LV GCS, %−22.5 ± 4.7−21.9 ± 4.7.60
LV GRS, %37.1 ± 13.144.1 ± 12.1.02
LV GLSR, s−1−1.0 ± 1.2−1.0 ± 0.2.27
LV GCSR, s−1−1.5 ± 0.4− 1.4 ± 0.3.22
LV GRSR, s−12.0 ± 0.42.2 ± 0.6.09
LV GLSRe, s−10.9 ± 0.21.1 ± 0.2.004
LV GCSRe, s−11.6 ± 0.61.4 ± 0.3.08
LV GRSRe, s−1−1.4 ± 1.3−2.1 ± 0.8.002
RV GLS, %−16.9 ± 4.5−24.1 ± 4.0.0001
RV GLSR, s−1− 1.1 ± 0.3−1.4 ± 0.3.0001
RV GLSRe, s−11.0 ± 0.31.5 ± 0.4.0001
RV free wall GLS, %−19.1 ± 5.1−26.0 ± 5.2.0001
RV free wall GLSR, s−1− 1.3 ± 0.4−1.6 ± 0.4.003
RV free wall GLSRe, s−11.1 ± 0.41.9 ± 0.8.0001
  1. Abbreviations: BMI body mass index; BP blood pressure; bpm beats per minute; BSA body surface area; CS cardiac sarcoidosis; E/A ratio of early (E) to late (A) ventricular filling velocity; E/e′, ratio between early mitral inflow velocity and mitral annular early diastolic velocity; GCS global circumferential strain; GCSR global circumferential strain rate; GCSRe early diastolic circumferential strain rate; GLS global longitudinal strain; GLSR global longitudinal strain rate; GLSRe early diastolic longitudinal strain rate; GRS global radial strain; GRSR global radial strain rate; GRSRe early diastolic global radial strain rate; LV left ventricular; LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction; RV right ventricular
  2. a Mean ± SD unless otherwise indicated