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Table 9 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

VariablesUnivariateP valueMultivariateP value
OR95% CIAOR95% CI
Socio-demographic
 Age b1.00.98, 1.000.89   
 Alcohol intake a1.90.55, 6.400.30   
 Salt intake a0.70.23, 1.800.40   
 Smoking a4.31.10, 17.200.0388.721.84, 41.300.006
Diseases
 Atrial fibrillation a1.60.67, 3.700.30   
 Cancer a10.30.9, 117.60.06   
 Chronic kidney disease a1.40.40, 4.700.56   
 Chronic rheumatic heart disease a1.90.86, 4.400.11   
 Diabetes mellitus a5.41.30, 23.200.02210.182.04, 50.850.005
 Hypertension a1.40.40, 5.200.67   
 Hypertensive heart disease a2.20.70, 6.900.17   
 Pneumonia a1.30.60, 3.000.48   
 Pulmonary hypertension a4.11.40, 12.000.0094.331.31, 14.250.016
Other
 Adverse drug events a3.01.30, 6.900.0094.231.62, 11.020.003
 Echocardiography finding*3.20.66, 15.500.15   
 Framingham major criteria**2.71.00, 6.900.0472.890.98, 8.500.054
  1. Key: AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. NB: (*) coded 1 = one major criteria, 2 = two or more major criteria, (**) coded 1 = one finding, 2 = more than one finding; (a) coded 0 = no, 1 = yes; (b) for 1 unit increase; serum Na coded 1 > 135, 2 < 135; systolic blood pressure = coded 1 ≥ 115, 2 < 115; serum creatinine coded 1 ≤ 1.2 and 2 > 1.2