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Table 9 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

Variables Univariate P value Multivariate P value
OR 95% CI AOR 95% CI
Socio-demographic
 Age b 1.0 0.98, 1.00 0.89    
 Alcohol intake a 1.9 0.55, 6.40 0.30    
 Salt intake a 0.7 0.23, 1.80 0.40    
 Smoking a 4.3 1.10, 17.20 0.038 8.72 1.84, 41.30 0.006
Diseases
 Atrial fibrillation a 1.6 0.67, 3.70 0.30    
 Cancer a 10.3 0.9, 117.6 0.06    
 Chronic kidney disease a 1.4 0.40, 4.70 0.56    
 Chronic rheumatic heart disease a 1.9 0.86, 4.40 0.11    
 Diabetes mellitus a 5.4 1.30, 23.20 0.022 10.18 2.04, 50.85 0.005
 Hypertension a 1.4 0.40, 5.20 0.67    
 Hypertensive heart disease a 2.2 0.70, 6.90 0.17    
 Pneumonia a 1.3 0.60, 3.00 0.48    
 Pulmonary hypertension a 4.1 1.40, 12.00 0.009 4.33 1.31, 14.25 0.016
Other
 Adverse drug events a 3.0 1.30, 6.90 0.009 4.23 1.62, 11.02 0.003
 Echocardiography finding* 3.2 0.66, 15.50 0.15    
 Framingham major criteria** 2.7 1.00, 6.90 0.047 2.89 0.98, 8.50 0.054
  1. Key: AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. NB: (*) coded 1 = one major criteria, 2 = two or more major criteria, (**) coded 1 = one finding, 2 = more than one finding; (a) coded 0 = no, 1 = yes; (b) for 1 unit increase; serum Na coded 1 > 135, 2 < 135; systolic blood pressure = coded 1 ≥ 115, 2 < 115; serum creatinine coded 1 ≤ 1.2 and 2 > 1.2