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Table 6 Precipitating factors, underlying and co-morbid diseases of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

Factors / diseasesFrequency (%)
Precipitating factors (n = 160)
 Pneumonia76 (47.5)
 Atrial fibrillation55 (34.4)
 Anemia39 (24.4)
 Drug discontinuation36 (22.5)
 Infective endocarditis7 (4.4)
 Acute coronary syndrome6 (3.8)
 Others (Pregnancy, uncontrolled hypertension)6 (3.8)
Underlying (n = 169)
 Chronic rheumatic heart disease82 (48.5)
 Degenerative heart disease38 (22.5)
 Congenital heart disease33 (19.5)
 Hypertensive heart disease17 (10.1)
 Ischemic heart disease17 (10.1)
 Cor pulmonale14 (8.3)
 Dilated cardiomyopathy14 (8.3)
Co-morbid (n = 169)
 Chronic kidney disease18 (10.7)
 Pulmonary hypertension17 (10.1)
 Hypertension14 (8.3)
 Diabetes mellitus8 (4.7)
 Coronary artery disease8 (4.7)
 Asthma8 (4.7)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease7 (4.1)
 Tuberculosis6 (3.6)
 HIV/AIDS4 (2.4)
 Othersa8 (4.7)
  1. NB: aCancer, hyperthyriodism, pericardial effusion, stroke