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Table 6 Precipitating factors, underlying and co-morbid diseases of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

Factors / diseases Frequency (%)
Precipitating factors (n = 160)
 Pneumonia 76 (47.5)
 Atrial fibrillation 55 (34.4)
 Anemia 39 (24.4)
 Drug discontinuation 36 (22.5)
 Infective endocarditis 7 (4.4)
 Acute coronary syndrome 6 (3.8)
 Others (Pregnancy, uncontrolled hypertension) 6 (3.8)
Underlying (n = 169)
 Chronic rheumatic heart disease 82 (48.5)
 Degenerative heart disease 38 (22.5)
 Congenital heart disease 33 (19.5)
 Hypertensive heart disease 17 (10.1)
 Ischemic heart disease 17 (10.1)
 Cor pulmonale 14 (8.3)
 Dilated cardiomyopathy 14 (8.3)
Co-morbid (n = 169)
 Chronic kidney disease 18 (10.7)
 Pulmonary hypertension 17 (10.1)
 Hypertension 14 (8.3)
 Diabetes mellitus 8 (4.7)
 Coronary artery disease 8 (4.7)
 Asthma 8 (4.7)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 7 (4.1)
 Tuberculosis 6 (3.6)
 HIV/AIDS 4 (2.4)
 Othersa 8 (4.7)
  1. NB: aCancer, hyperthyriodism, pericardial effusion, stroke