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Table 5 Imaging findings of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

ImagingFindingFrequency (%)
Chest X-ray (N = 42)Pulmonary edema27 (64.3)
Pleural effusion12 (28.6)
Pneumonia6 (14.3)
Normal3 (7.1)
Electrocardiogram (N = 109)Atrial fibrillation59 (54.1)
Sinus tachycardia37 (33.9)
Sinus rhythm12 (11.0)
Bradycardia5 (4.6)
Echocardiography (N = 83)Chronic rheumatic heart disease67 (80.7)
Pulmonary hypertension55 (66.3)
Hypertensive heart disease / LVH11 (13.3)
Ischemic heart disease8 (9.6)
Pericardial effusion3 (3.6)
Others (normal, degenerative heart disease)4 (2.4)
  1. Key: LVH Left ventricular hypertrophy