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Table 4 Laboratory values of acute heart failure patients admitted to Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia between May 15 to September 12, 2017 (n = 169)

From: Treatment outcome and its predictors among patients of acute heart failure at a tertiary care hospital in Ethiopia: a prospective observational study

VariablesNFrequency (%)MeanSDMedianQ1Q3
Serum sodium (mEq/L)120 135.810.1136.5130.5143.3
Serum sodium ≥135 mEq/L 72 (60.0)     
Serum sodium < 135 mEq/L 48 (40.0)     
Serum potassium (mEq/L)116 4.10.94.03.474.53
Normal 77 (66.4)     
Hypokalemia (<  3.55 mEq/L) 32 (27.6)     
Hyperkalemia (>  5.55 mEq/L) 7 (6.0)     
Hemoglobin (g/dL)a158 12.83.012.810.814.8
Hemoglobin ≥12 g/dL 98 (62.0)     
Hemoglobin < 12 g/dL 60 (38.0)     
Hemoglobin < 10 g/dL 24 (15.2)     
Serum creatinine (mg/dL)145 1.61.81.21.01.5
Normal serum creatinine ≤1.2 87 (60.0)     
Elevated serum creatinine > 1.2 58 (40.0)     
Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dL)62 110.595.370.649.2127.3
Less than 43 mg/dL 15 (24.2)     
Elevated ≥43 mg/dL 47 (75.8)     
eGFR (mL/min/1.73m2)145 74.233.074.055.092.0
≤14 8 (5.5)     
15 to 29 4 (2.8)     
30 to 59 30 (20.7)     
60 to 89 61 (42.1)     
≥90 42 (29.0)     
  1. NB: aMeasurement taken after patient was stabilized Key: eGFR = estimated glomerular filtration rate, SD = standard deviation; Q1 = 25th percentile, Q3 = 75th percentile